Despite the appeal of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the demand for urea has increased by 45 lakh metric tons in the last four years alone. Know and what is the condition of fertilizers.
What are the side effects of indiscriminate use of urea?
On the one hand, we are strongly advocating organic farming, on the other hand, indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers is increasing. The consumption of urea has also increased rapidly in chemical fertilizers. While urea is the most common side effect of fertilizers. Due to its excessive use, people’s health, environment and soil fertility are also dying. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is constantly talking about the use of chemical fertilizers. But even his appeal does not work.
On 26 November 2017, Prime Minister Modi appealed to the farmers to use urea to a minimum in ‘Mann Ki Baat’. But instead of decreasing its use in agriculture, it is increasing. In the last four years, the use of 45.36 lakh metric tonnes of urea has increased.
Prof. who has been the Chief Technical Advisor in Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Ramchet Chaudhary says that this is a matter of concern for us.
The earth is facing the brunt of excessive use of urea as being ‘barren’. Human being is a victim of cancer. Urea is the main source of artificial fertilizer in agriculture. May reduce side effects.
How much consumption increased?
According to information received from the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, the demand for urea was 289.9 lakh metric tonnes (LMT) in 2016-17, which has increased to 335.26 LMT in 2019-20.
-DAP (Dye Ammonium Phosphate) demand was 100.57 LMT in 2016-17 which was 103.30 in 2019-20.
-NPK (nitrogen-N, phosphorus-P, potassium-K) demand increased to 104.82 LMT from 102.58 metric tons four years ago.
The demand for Muriate of Potash was 33.36 lakh metric tons in 2016-17. Whereas in 2019-20 it has increased to 38.12 LMT.
India imported 54.81 lakh metric tons of urea in the year 2016-17. Whereas it increased to 91.23 LMT. That is, the import of 36.42 lakh metric tons has increased in four years.
In 1980, only 60 lakh metric tons of urea was being consumed in the country.
How much is subsidy on fertilizer
For fertilizer subsidy (Fertilizer subsidy), the government arranges 75 to 80 thousand crore rupees annually. In 2019-20, fertilizer subsidy of Rs 69418.85 was given. Of which the share of indigenous urea is Rs 43,050 crore. Apart from this, government assistance of 14049 crore rupees was given separately on imported urea.
This is the side effect of imbalance
According to Dr. Yudhveer Singh, Principal Scientist of the Department of Micro Biology at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, urea was used in India only around the 1940s. But after the Green Revolution (1965–66), its use increased rapidly to make the country self-sufficient in the agricultural sector. Farmers started using urea to meet any nutrient deficiency in the land.
Its biggest side effect was on organic carbon. It is the source of all nutrients. Due to their deficiency, the growth of the plant is stopped and their ability to fight diseases is reduced. Pro. According to Singh, before the Green Revolution, the average organic carbon in the Indo-Gangetic plane used to be 0.5 per cent, which has now come down to 0.2 per cent. If this is further reduced, there will be a lot of loss for the farmers.
Due to this, there is an increase in consumption
Pro. Chaudhary says that in our country wheat and paddy are producing much more than needed. New wheat has started coming to the mandis. Meanwhile, 295.41 lakh tonnes are lying in government warehouses. But due to excessive use of fertilizers, their quality is not there. The farmers’ mindset is to increase production in any way. Therefore, the use of urea is not decreasing. They have only medicine called urea for every purpose. That’s why most farmers in India use it excessively. Whereas, now is the time to prepare the farmers to focus on quality.
How much urea is used
– India has assessed the impact of nitrogen on the environment.
According to the report of the Indian Nitrogen Group, agriculture is the main source of nitrogen pollution in India.
– In the last five decades, every Indian farmer has used more than 6,000 kg of urea on an average.
33% of uria is used in rice and wheat crops. Whereas 67 percent reaches the soil, water and environment and damages it.
The condition of these states is much worse
According to environmental experts, due to dissolution of nitrogen in soil, its carbon content is reduced. Due to its indiscriminate use, the presence of nitrate in the ground water of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh has been found to be much higher than the World Health Organization (WHO) standards. It is the highest in Haryana at 99.5 micrograms per liter. Whereas the WHO standard is 50 micrograms per liter.
When will we be careful
Environmentalist N. According to Shivkumar, about 60 years ago, American environmental expert Rachel Carson wrote a book called ‘Silent Spring’ and warned against the indiscriminate use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. The Americans woke up but we are asleep. Inattentive use of urea and pesticides has made humans Bhasmasura.
Nitrate is making the water toxic. Excess of nitrate in food or water is helpful in causing cancer. Kidney problems are increasing. The digestive system of people is deteriorating. In such a situation, farmers should make balanced use of urea.
Urea Demand (LMT)
|Source: Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers|
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