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HomeNationalEmbryo storage will protect birds of rare-threatened species, know what is this...

Embryo storage will protect birds of rare-threatened species, know what is this scheme and which birds will come under the purview

protection of rare birds

Image Credit source: Pexels/NewsNCR

Common bird species covered under this scheme include small cormorant, cattle egret, gray francolin, coppersmith barbet, alexandrine parakeet, spotted owl, spotted pigeon, jungle prinia, red whiskered bulbul and rock pigeon.

Rare and endangered species (Rare Endangered SpeciesThe authorities have planned to set up a state-of-the-art Genome Resource Banking Center in Delhi-NCR for birds. Under this scheme surrogate species (Surrogate Species) using selectively Rare, Endangered and Threatened (Rare Endangered Threatened) Methods will be developed for breeding and conservation of bird species. Through Genome Resource Banking, their reproductive cells and embryos will be stored for the purpose of breeding program of endangered species. Actually, for this, the Salim Ali Center for Ornithology and Natural History (SAKCON) has prepared an action plan.

Under this scheme, in the next 10 years, Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR)Delhi-NCRThe emphasis will be on conservation of the diversity of birds, their ecosystems, habitats and landscapes. The Action Plan for Delhi-NCR is part of a comprehensive plan, which covers 17 states in five regions- North, South, East, West and Central. It was shared with the Delhi Forest and Wildlife Department last month.

Let us understand about this in detail.

  1. About one third of the total species of birds found in India are found in Delhi-NCR. Of the 446 bird species that have been recorded in the region since 1970, 63 are considered Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RET).
  2. Studies focusing on wetland birds including 20 RET species have highlighted several conservation issues including high pollution in the Yamuna, blockage of flow and encroachment on bird habitats in the form of buildings etc.
  3. SACON will study the potential threats to the endangered species along with the Forest and Wildlife Departments of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, assess the conservation measures needed to restore their populations and, if necessary, re-introduce them to their original habitats. will work.
  4. The scheme emphasizes on a state-of-the-art genome resource banking center through developing methods for breeding and conservation of selected RET bird species using surrogate species and cryobanking viable biomaterials from RET bird species. Under this, there will be whole-genome sequencing of selected RET bird species over a long period.

Which birds will be the focus?

A “species recovery plan” will be prepared for RET species like Bristled Grassbird, Stork Crane, Indian Skimmer, Black-bellied Tern, White-rumped Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Steppe Eagle and Fish Eagle.

Common bird species found here include the small cormorant, cattail egret, gray francolin, coppersmith barbet, alexandrine parakeet, spotted owl, spotted pigeon, jungle prinia, red whiskered bulbul and rock pigeon.

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Migratory bird species such as Greater Spotted Eagle, Ferruginous Ducks, Greyleg Geese, Bar-headed Geese, Common Teal, Northern Shoveler, Eurasian Vision, Eurasian Coot and local movement species such as Painted Stork, Woolly-necked Stork, River Lapwing, Black-headed Ibis and Oriental Darter are also found in NCR. The most endangered species red-headed vulture has recently been sighted in this area.

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