The dangerous path taken by former President Asif Ali Zardari, who was commissioned in every plan of Pakistan, to meet his trade deficit, later became an important reason for the birth of Taliban.
The concern of Afghanistan is getting bigger in the world.
In the year 1994, a fierce battle was going on for the capture of Kabul in Afghanistan and the economy of Pakistan was in a dilapidated condition. The Taliban was born in the background of these two countries. The Taliban born in Afghanistan grew up in Pakistan and became so powerful that today it has occupied the power of Afghanistan.
At that time Tajik Burhanuddin Rabbani was sitting on the throne of Kabul. But his power was limited to some areas in the north-east of the country and around the city of Kabul. In the south, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar’s eyes were on Kabul, along with his allies were the Uzbek Rashid Dostum. He had captured Mazar-i-Sharif in the north and 6 surrounding provinces. In the desire of power, both were attacking Kabul for the coming days. During that time, Herat and three other provinces in the west were in the hands of Ismail Khan, a friend of Iran. In the eastern part of the country, the three major Pashtun provinces of Pakistan were governed by a council, which is called ‘Sura’ in Arabic and. The center of his power was Jalalabad.
Here in Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto came to power in Islamabad for the second time. Benazir’s husband Asif Ali Zardari was also a cabinet minister. Although Zardari is known in Pakistan less as a politician and more as a businessman. At that time the textile industry had a leading role in the economy of Pakistan. 40 to 50 percent of Pakistan’s total workforce was associated with the textile industry. And about 10 percent of the GDP came from the textile industry. According to the New York Times, Zardari had become a symbol of corruption by misusing power in the eyes of opponents. Be it military contracts, sale of government assets, privatization, broadcasting licenses, purchase of aircraft by state airlines or export of clothing, distribution and control of quotas, Zardari had to pay ‘cut money’ for all. Zardari had a cloth business.
Zardari suffered losses in the clothing business.
But in 1994, about one million hectares of cotton land was destroyed in Pakistan due to pest attack. Zardari suffered a severe setback in the clothing business due to pests. The textile industry is impossible without cotton. Cotton is called white gold in Pakistan. Sometimes the crisis in business also gives new opportunities. To save his business, Zardari bought all the cotton produced in Turkmenistan. During that time, Pakistan’s relationship with Iran was just beginning to crack over the Shia-Sunni division and disputes between different ethnic groups. Zardari decided not to bring cotton from Iran via sea, but to Pakistan’s Quetta via Herat and Kandahar in Afghanistan. But who will provide protection from robbers and field commanders on these streets? Due to being in power, soon a person was found through the Pak Army and ISI who could help him in this regard. His name was Mulla Umar. On the one hand, Umar, on the other, Zardari and Director General of Military Operations Pervez Musharraf, what was then, Zardari’s business began to run rampant.
Omar, who fought against Najibullah’s army from 1989 to 1992, suffered mental and physical injuries. In the battle of Jalalabad in 89, he lost his right eye and also suffered serious injuries on his forehead and cheek. Omar studied Islamic law in Pakistan and was taught terrorism lessons by Sheikh Abdullah Azam. This is the same Azam who was one of the ideological organizers and craftsmen of jihad against the Soviet Union and was also the mentor of Osama bin Laden.
Origin of Taliban
Behind the rise of any oppressive leader lies the story of the ongoing social and political instability in the country as well as the concoction spread by that leader and his followers, which acts like fuel added to the fire. In most cases the core of these stories is the subject matter, an insight given directly by God to their leaders. Umar was a teacher in a madrassa in Kandahar at that time. During that time, corruption, murder, violence, plunder, dacoity and immorality were rampant in the whole of Afghanistan, which was like ‘whose stick, his buffalo’. It is said that Umar also had a similar ‘divine vision’. It is said that Umar got the order to restore peace in the message of Hazrat Muhammad. Relying on the Prophet’s message, Omar set out on a motorcycle in search of the students, who are called Taliban in Arabic. They went to madrassa one after the other. Within a few days, about 200 students joined Umar, and within 6 months this number reached from 200 to 20,000.
rise of taliban
The Spin Boldak district of Kandahar, where the Pulitzer winning Indian photojournalist Danish Siddiqui was assassinated by the Taliban 40 days ago. The distance of Chaman of Pakistan from this spin bowling is 16 kilometers. In October 1994, the Taliban captured an armory in the Spin Boldak district. They had 20,000 Kalashnikov rifles (some sources say 80,000) and 120 artillery guns, and it was here that the Taliban officially began their journey.
On October 29, Zardari’s first exported cotton arrived in Pakistan from Turkmenistan. Exactly a week later, on November 4, 1994, the Taliban captured Kandahar. Pakistan supplied money and weapons to the Taliban. Initially, Pakistan’s intelligence department ISI had little doubt on the Taliban. His support in the internal politics of Afghanistan was towards Hekmatyar. This time he got a new option. Musharraf, Zardari, the Benazir Bhutto government and the army were already sympathetic to the Taliban, this time the ISI also joined hands. And from here the process of supporting the Taliban of Pakistan started.
In the last months of 1994, relations between the Taliban and the ISI grew closer. The Taliban officially met Director General Jawed Ashraf Qazi at the ISI’s Islamabad headquarters and made one demand – no further aid to the Mujahideen.
Meanwhile, the Taliban also captured Herat and Jalalabad within a few days of capturing Kandahar. The Taliban captured Kabul in 1996. By 1997, the Taliban had a stockpile of 50,000 soldiers, 40,000 trained soldiers on the reserve bench, 300 tanks and some MiG fighters. Taliban supply sites include madrassas in Attock, Karachi, Peshawar and Balochistan in Pakistan.
Who is Talib?
The Jamaat-e-Islam was an ally of the Bhutto government at that time. Talibs were coming out one after the other from the madrasas run by him. Who is this Talib? In 1969, about three million refugees entered Pakistan due to the Afghan war. Many of them were orphans, who had no shelter. At that time, at the behest of the Taliban, the Pak government closed the Sufi dargah and reopened the madrassas. Saudi Arabia was providing financial aid. Recruitment was taking place in these madrasas. The Paramilitary Frontier Constabulary Corps of Pakistan was giving him war training. Classes were being closed as per the requirement of the Taliban. Students were being sent to Kandahar for jihad by filling them in buses.
By 1998, 90 percent of Afghanistan’s land was in Omar’s possession. Due to the increasing influence of the Taliban, big leaders were forced to leave the country. Ismail Khan and Hekmatyar were deported from Iran. Dostum was deported to Turkey. Ahmad Shah Masood was fighting in parts of northern Afghanistan. Later, the Pakistani army captured Ahmed Shah Masood, who was present on the side of the Taliban in the fight for the occupation of Afghanistan.