A slogan is going on in Uttar Pradesh in the assembly elections- ‘Jo Ram ko Laye, Hum Unko Laayenge’. That is, the party that built the Ram temple formed the government again. However, on March 10, the voter will decide whether ‘Yogi will come’ or will go to ‘exile before coronation’ like Tulsidas’ Ramcharit Manas?
CM Yogi Adityanath (file photo)
Image Credit source: PTI
Ayodhya (Ayodhya) Saryu is flowing calmly in me, but there has been a stir in the city. Ram Janmabhoomi (Ram Janmabhoomi) But this is the first time after the construction of the temple that assembly or Lok Sabha elections are being held in Uttar Pradesh. Before the 2017 assembly elections (UP Assembly Election) At that time the issue of temple construction at Ram Janmabhoomi was being raised loudly, but no decision was taken despite BJP forming the government at the Centre. At that time, many saints and activists were pushing to open the way for the construction of the temple by passing a law in the Parliament. Prime Minister Narendra Modi wanted a solution to this issue through a legal route.
The government was waiting for the decision of the Supreme Court so that that decision would be universal and no communal atmosphere of any kind should be disturbed in the country. At that time, the opposition political parties used to repeatedly ask the date of starting the temple construction to tease the BJP leaders and a slogan used to run against the BJP – ‘Mandir will be built there, but will not tell the date’, which means BJP has no concrete answer. Was. People associated with the temple construction movement and BJP leaders also often got into trouble due to this slogan, the pressure on the central government was also increasing.
After the arrival of Yogi, the road to Ram temple became easier.
When the 2017 assembly elections were held and the BJP got a bumper majority in UP and Yogi Adityanath was made the chief minister, people’s expectations about the construction of the temple increased. Some people started raising the question whether the role of Yogi would be like that of Kalyan Singh, who was the Chief Minister of BJP in the Janmabhoomi movement? The structure of Babri Masjid was demolished when Kalyan Singh was the Chief Minister, which means that according to the BJP, a concrete step to move forward on the construction of the temple. People started believing that now with the arrival of Yogi Adityanath, temple construction will start in Ayodhya. This confidence about Yogi was also increased because his guru Mahant Avaidyanath and Gorakhnath Peeth had an important role in the Ram temple movement.
Till then the legal path was not open but Yogi started moving ahead on the path, the first decision he made was to change the name of Faizabad district to Ayodhya. Along with this, he drew a map of the development of Ayodhya. Not only was it announced to start development work at Khai level with the starting of airport and medical college in Ayodhya, but the work also started. Recently the name of Faizabad railway station has been changed to Ayodhya Cantt. Yogi Adityanath may not have contested any election in the name of Ram temple, but Mahant Avaidyanath won many Lok Sabha elections in the name of this movement.
The Supreme Court’s decision in November 2019 made the BJP’s job easier. People accepted that decision of the court and there was no uproar. The Ayodhya verdict was related to the appeals on the Allahabad High Court verdict. The Allahabad High Court in 2010 divided the disputed land into three parts between Lord Ram, Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Waqf Board and gave one-third to all parties. The Supreme Court heard the arguments of all the parties on this for 40 days. In this five-hundred-year-old case, the court studied 533 evidences and 88 testimonies and delivered its verdict as a legal solution to the events that occurred during the Mughal period, the colonial period and the current constitutional period. In this, the disputed land was given for the construction of a temple at Ram Janmabhoomi and orders were given to give five acres of land to the government for the construction of a mosque somewhere in Ayodhya. The special thing is that this decision was unanimous.
The major work of temple construction will be completed by 2023.
The Supreme Court, while rejecting the decision of the Allahabad High Court, made it clear that they cannot reach any one vote on the basis of faith alone. In its 41-day daily hearing, the court gave each side an opportunity to be heard more than necessary so that no one can say that he did not get a chance to argue his point or side. After hearing the decision continuously before his retirement, Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi also pointed out how much importance was given to this issue in his view.
The intention of this decision was an appeal and a clear indication of moving forward collectively as a nation and the country accepted it as the same intention and spirit and decided to move forward in the future. A few months after this decision, former Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi was nominated by the President as a member of the Rajya Sabha, and there was a lot of criticism in the political corridor. After the decision of the Supreme Court, the Ramjanmabhoomi Teerth Trust was formed and the construction of Ram temple in Ayodhya started from August 2020 and the people of the trust say that by December 2023, the major work of temple construction will be completed, that is, maybe That the life of Ramlala should be done in the temple.
During the start of Ram Janmabhoomi movement, after Lal Krishna Advani’s Ram Rath Yatra, in 1991, BJP formed the government in Uttar Pradesh under the leadership of Kalyan Singh. Since 1999, the BJP has been winning Ayodhya continuously except in the 2012 assembly elections, when the Samajwadi Party grabbed the seat. In 2017, BJP won this seat again and the party has expressed confidence in the sitting MLA Ved Prakash Gupta in these elections as well. The Lok Sabha seat has also been with the BJP for a long time. Political analysts believe that the Ram Janmabhoomi movement is a major reason for the expansion of BJP not only in Ayodhya and Uttar Pradesh but also in the entire country. On the same issue, he also won the 2014 and 2019 Lok Sabha elections with a clear majority, but all these elections and political graph are before the construction of Ram temple. This 2022 assembly election will now indicate whether the BJP has got political or electoral benefits from the construction of Ram temple or whether this issue is no longer a part of electoral politics. The issue of Ram temple is not catching heat this time and when Deputy Chief Minister Keshav Prasad Maurya raised the issue of Mathura, the BJP made it clear that it is not on its agenda at the moment.
The political flurry of Ram Janmabhoomi took place from the Palampur session of BJP in 1989.
Broadly speaking, there was a flurry of politics regarding Ram Janmabhoomi in the Palampur session of BJP in 1989. Sarsanghchalak Balasaheb Deoras was seriously seeing the closeness of Congress and Vishwa Hindu Parishad, so he was trying to make the Parishad firmly with the BJP. The way was taken for this in Palampur of Himachal Pradesh. In June 1989, it was decided to support the Ram Janmabhoomi movement at the national convention of BJP in Palampur, Himachal Pradesh.
The resolution passed in the Palampur conference said, ‘This dispute cannot be resolved through the court. The Congress government should also take the same decision for Ram Janmabhoomi as Prime Minister Nehru had done in the honor of Somnath temple. Respecting the sentiments of the Hindus, the government should hand over this place to the Hindus. If possible, the issue should be resolved through mutual dialogue or a law should be made. But it cannot be resolved through the court.
On 22 September 1989, the Maha Hindu convention was organized at the Boat Club of Delhi. It was presided over by Mahant Avaidyanath. A resolution was passed in the conference that the Ram Janmabhoomi belongs to the Hindus and will always remain theirs. It was announced to lay the foundation stone on 9 November 1989 for the beginning of the construction of the temple. Along with this, construction of Ram temple will be made an issue in the coming elections and the party which is against it will be thrown out of power. On November 9, 1989, Kameshwar Prasad Choupal of South Bihar laid the first stone for the foundation stone after Havan and Bhumi Pujan at a predetermined place 192 feet away from the sanctum sanctorum.
Under the chairmanship of Mahant Avaidyanath, it was decided to collect a brick and a quarter of a rupee from every Hindu.
Then in the Third Parliament of Religions held in Allahabad, another important decision was taken regarding the construction of a temple at Ram Janmabhoomi. In this Parliament of Religions presided over by Mahant Avaidyanath, it was decided to collect a brick and a quarter of a rupee from every Hindu from across the country for the construction of the temple. After appeasing Muslims on Shah Bano issue, Congress started looking towards Hindus. Rajiv Gandhi started his election campaign from Faizabad. Said, “This is Ram’s land and if you want to bring Ram Rajya, vote for Congress.” Nothing worked for the Congress in the election, but the BJP got a big advantage and in the 1984 elections, the BJP, which was left with only two seats, got 88 seats this time. It was time for Advani to move on and Vajpayee to go on the margins. In 1989, the government of Janata Dal leader Vishwanath Pratap Singh was formed, he had the support of BJP and Left parties.
In 1989, after the Congress government opened the lock on the disputed site in Ayodhya, under the pressure of saints and saints, Mahant Avaidyanath of Gorakshanath Peeth again became active in politics. Mahant Avaidyanath won the 1989 Lok Sabha elections by fighting on the issue of construction of Ram temple. In this election, BJP and VP Singh led Janata Dal had fielded a joint candidate against Avaidyanath. Avaidyanath was contesting as a candidate of Hindu Mahasabha on the issue of construction of Ram temple while BJP-Janata Dal contested on the issue of Bofors. Mahant Avaidyanath won. In 1991 and 1996, he was again elected MP from Gorakhpur. After this, Yogi Adityanath has worked to carry forward his political and spiritual legacy.
After the formation of the government in 1990, during a tussle with Deputy Prime Minister Devi Lal, Prime Minister V.P. Singh decided to give 27 percent reservation to the Other Backward Classes, then to counter it, BJP led by LK Advani took out Ram Rath Yatra from Somnath to Ayodhya. Advani’s Rath Yatra was stopped in Sitamarhi by the Janata Dal’s Lalu Prasad Yadav government in Bihar, then the BJP at the center VP. Singh withdrew support to the government. The government fell. From here the politics of ‘Mandal-Kamandal’ started.
It will be known on March 10 how much impact this issue has had.
Then in 1990, after the Vishwa Hindu Parishad announced kar seva in Ayodhya, the Allahabad High Court issued a direction to maintain the status quo. Violence broke out during the kar seva and some people were killed in police action. Many people got injured. As a result of this, the BJP got a good lead in the UP assembly elections and the government was formed under the leadership of Kalyan Singh. In the 1991 general elections, the Congress government and P.V. Narasimha Rao became the Prime Minister.
In late December 1991, BJP and Vishwa Hindu Parishad again announced Kar Seva in Ayodhya. Chief Minister Kalyan Singh’s government gave an affidavit that tampering with the mosque would not be allowed, but it was not followed. Central forces were kept on the outskirts. The mosque was demolished. The Rao government at the Center dismissed the BJP governments in six states. In the elections that followed, the BJP lost in Uttar Pradesh. Samajwadi Party leader Mulayam Singh Yadav and Kanshi Ram’s Bahujan Samaj Party formed the government. It was a big setback for BJP then that despite the fall of Babri Masjid, BJP could not form its government in UP too. In these elections, a slogan is going on in UP – ‘Jo Ram ko Laye, Hum Unko Laayenge’. That is, the party that built the Ram temple should form the government again, but how much it accepts the voter, it will decide whether ‘Yogi will come’ or ‘exile before coronation’ like Tulsidas’s Ramcharit Manas will be ordered.
(The author is a senior journalist, the views expressed in the article are the personal of the author.)
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