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Why is there a demand to increase the sugarcane price to Rs 400 per quintal again and again? Understand the math of cost and profit

गन्ना मूल्य 400 रुपए प्रति क्विंटल करने की मांग बार-बार क्यों हो रही? लागत और मुनाफे का गणित समझिए

In view of the assembly elections, the Uttar Pradesh government is also under pressure to increase the price. Although the ministers of the state government have said many times, the sugarcane price will definitely increase for the next sugar season, it is not decided how much it will increase.

Farmers’ organizations have been demanding for a long time to raise the sugarcane price to Rs 400 per quintal.

BJP MP from Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh, Varun Gandhi has written a letter to UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, demanding that sugarcane price be increased to Rs 400 per quintal. This is not the first time that the demand for raising sugarcane price to Rs 400 has been raised. Farmer leaders and farmers have been demanding this for a long time.

A few days ago, the central government has increased the FRP (Fair & Remunerative Price) of sugarcane by Rs 5 per quintal to Rs 290 per quintal. The Punjab government has announced to increase the State Advisory Price (SAP) of sugarcane from Rs 310 per quintal to Rs 360 and Haryana government from Rs 340 to Rs 362. In view of the assembly elections, the Uttar Pradesh government is also under pressure to increase the price. Although the ministers of the state government have said many times, the sugarcane price will definitely increase for the next sugar season, it is not decided how much it will increase.

FRP and SAP are the arrangements of the Central and State Governments respectively. The central and state governments fix a minimum price for the sugarcane crop. Sugar mills are bound to purchase sugarcane at this price or above. FRP is the minimum price at which sugar mills have to buy sugarcane from farmers. The Commission of Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) recommends the FRP every year. SAP system is applicable in total five states of the country.

Why the demand for Rs 400 per quintal

Now the question is why there is a demand to increase the SAP of sugarcane to Rs 400 per quintal in Uttar Pradesh. For this, we talked to two sugarcane farmers of Bijnor district who were called in the meeting of sugarcane department on September 1. The farmers of Bijnor Bhupendra Singh and Brahmpal Singh were included in the meeting held for determination of sugarcane price to give the correct cost. Both these farmers do the cultivation of sugarcane by trench method and according to its cost gives an estimate of the total expenditure.

Farmer Bhupendra Singh explains to us the mathematics of 400 rupees, (according to one hectare)-

Tillage 9600, Planting 3400, Seed 1950, Organic Fertilizer 1750, Sowing Labor 808, Irrigation Daily Wages 2100, Seven Irrigation 1100, Weeding 38000, Chemical Fertilizer Fertilizer, Zinc 2550, DAP 4200, Potash 1880, Urea 1924, Pest Disease Chemicals 7500, Peeling Expenses 38921, Transportation 21623, Other Expenses 2000, Crop Interest 9526, Land Rent 120,000. The total expenditure in one hectare was 315,984 and the yield was 10,00 quintals.

Bhupendra says that if we look at this way, the total cost behind one quintal was Rs 315 and the state government is giving us only Rs 325 per quintal for three different varieties. Now how will we get profit in this.

The government organization itself has told the cost of Rs 285 per quintal.

According to the Indian Institute of Sugar Cane Research Centre, Lucknow, farmers in Uttar Pradesh have to spend Rs 285 for a quintal. The report also said that in such a situation, if the government fixes the rate by giving 50 percent profit to the farmers, then the price should be up to Rs 400 per quintal.

On this issue, Pushpendra Singh, national president of Kisan Shakti Sangh, says that if the price of sugarcane is increased according to the inflation rate in the last four years, then a rate of Rs 400 should be declared.

Also read: Varun Gandhi writes to CM Yogi Adityanath for farmers, demanding increase in sugarcane price to Rs 400 per quintal

Also read: Maharashtra: More than 7 lakh farmers gave information about crop damage to insurance companies over phone, figures may increase further

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