Maharashtra is the largest producer of cotton in the country. Cotton is the second most important cash crop of Maharashtra. Cotton is cultivated on a large scale in Khandesh, Solapur, Sangli, Satara, Jalgaon districts of Maharashtra.
Cotton is cultivated on about 9.4 million hectares of land in India. In each hectare of its area, 2 million tonnes of cotton stalks remain as waste. Maharashtra has the highest cotton cultivation in the country and during the entire season, more than 33 lakh hectares of cotton are grown in the state. Cotton is cultivated as a cash crop. Farmers get good profits from its cultivation. It is cultivated in many states of India. There are many varieties of cotton come in the market, which give high yields. Cotton with the longest fibers is considered good. Most of it is produced in the coastal areas. Cotton cultivation takes a lot of effort. It is used more in making clothes. Oil is also extracted from its seeds, the remaining part is fed to animals.
Best season for cotton cultivation
Cotton is a long duration crop. Clean, hot and dry climate is favorable for cotton. The temperature required for germination of cotton seeds is 18 to 20 °C and for further growth is 20 to 27 °C. The minimum and maximum temperature for cotton should be 15 to 35 degree Celsius and humidity should be less than 75 percent. This type of weather is suitable for filling and boiling the bonds well on hot days and cool nights.
What should be the soil for cotton cultivation
The choice of the right soil is very important as the cotton crop remains in the field for about six months. Select black, medium to deep (90 cm) and well drained soil for cotton cultivation. Avoid planting cotton in shallow, lightly saline and loamy soils. The soil surface should be around 6 to 8.5 due to the relationship between nutrient availability and soil surface.
How to sow cotton cultivation
Timely sowing of irrigated non-Bt cotton is essential. Late sowing can result in damage due to rain at the time of sale or infestation of pests and diseases. Immediately after sowing, fill soil and compost or manure in 4 to 6 inch perforated polythene bags and give plenty of water. Then plant 2 to 3 seeds in each bag. These bags should be used to fill the gaps. Until then, keep the bags in the shade of the tree to protect them from insects and water them frequently. Normally 250 to 300 sacks are sufficient to fill one acre of plow.
Which fertilizer to put in cotton?
The use of manure and fertilizers is necessary in the cotton crop, otherwise the production may decrease. Manure and fertilizers should be used on the basis of soil test, if there is a shortage of organic elements in the soil, then fill them. At the time of field preparation, some quantity of cow dung manure is to be used in the last plowing by mixing it with rotten manure.
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