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Wheat Production: Due to strong sunlight and unusual heat, this time wheat production has decreased in the country. Meanwhile, the Russo-Ukraine war has added to the concern because now there is concern about how domestic consumption will be met if production is low. It is being estimated that this time the yield of wheat in Punjab may decrease by up to 25 percent.
Wheat (wheat) due to scorching sun and unusually record breaking heat in IndiaWheat) yields have decreased. Due to this, now there is concern about how the country will be able to meet its domestic needs. Because the Russo-Ukraine War (Russia Ukraine Crisis) is also likely to reduce exports. Along with this, recently there were incidents of fire in the capital Delhi in recent weeks. Schools in the eastern Indian state of Odisha were closed for a week due to the heat, while West Bengal is stocking up on oral rehydration salts for school children. On Tuesday, Rajgarh, a city in central India, was the hottest city in the country with a temperature of 46.5 degrees Celsius. Apart from this, the temperature in other cities also crossed the mark of 45 degree Celsius.
According to media reports, it is being told that after the year 1901, 2022 was the hottest year, due to which the yield of crops decreased. Significantly, wheat is very sensitive to heat. Especially in the last stage when its seeds are mature and in the stage of ripening. Generally, farmers cultivate it at such a time that it becomes mature as soon as the cold weather prevails and farmers can harvest it.
increase in temperature due to human activities
According to Business Today, climate scientist Frederick Otto of Imperial College in London said, climate change (Climate Change) has heated up India’s heat wave. He said that before the increase in global temperature due to human activities, heat waves like this year occur in India about once in half a century. But now this is a very common phenomenon. Now we can expect such high temperatures every four years, he said.
Punjab’s farmers suffered loss
According to the 2021 report of the medical journal The Lancet, the vulnerability to extreme heat in India increased by 15 percent from 1990 to 2019. It is among the top five countries where vulnerable people like the old and the poor are most at risk of heat. The report states that India and Brazil have the highest heat-related mortality rates in the world. Punjab farmer Baldev Singh told that he said that he had cultivated wheat in his field.Wheat Production) was destroyed. One-fifth of their produce was wasted due to the heat, while other farmers have suffered more than them.
Production may decrease by 25 percent in Punjab
Devinder Sharma, an agricultural policy expert from Chandigarh city, says that Punjab was called the grain bowl of India. The government encouraged the cultivation of wheat and rice here in 1960. The contribution of Punjab is the highest in the national reserves of the country. The government expected that about a third of this year’s stock would be procured from here, but the production itself came down. This year production can be reduced by up to 25 percent. It is the same story in other major wheat producing states like Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
difficult to export
Overall, India bought more than 43 million metric tonnes of wheat in 2021. But this time 20 to 50 percent less wheat can be found. Even though India is the world’s second largest wheat producer, India exports only a small part of its produce. But this time India was hopeful that due to the crisis caused by the Russo-Ukraine war, it could find new markets for itself in Europe, Africa and Asia. But looking at the demand and supply, it seems difficult. It requires about 25 million tonnes (27.5 million US tonnes) of wheat for the massive food welfare programme, which usually feeds more than 80 million people.
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