After the recent incident in Nagaland, the big question is what will happen to the Naga peace talks which have not reached their destination for decades. Why was there a situation of rebellion in Nagaland that peace talks came to the fore, when its foundation was laid and what will be the effect of the recent incident on this peace talks, know the answers to these questions…
So far 15 deaths including one jawan have taken place in Nagaland.
In Nagaland’s Mon district, 14 villagers were killed in firing by security forces. This action has angered the local people. After the incident, the Konyak Union, the state’s largest tribal group, has declared seven days of mourning. The union has warned the security forces that no patrol will be tolerated in the Konyak area during the mourning. In case of any incident, the security forces will be responsible for it. Not only this, the union has demanded the removal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 from the entire Northeast.
After this incident, the biggest question is what will happen to the Naga peace talks which have not been able to reach their destination for decades. Why was there a situation of rebellion in Nagaland that peace talks came to the fore, when its foundation was laid and what will be the effect of the recent incident on this peace talks, know the answers to these questions…
First understand how the background of the rebellion in Nagaland was prepared
In 1881, the Naga Hills became a part of British India. The Naga Club was formed in 1918 to organize and bring together the scattered Naga tribes. It was from this club that the Naga nationalist spirit was born. In 1946 it was changed to ‘Naga National Council’ (NNC). The Naga National Council, under the leadership of Naga nationalist leader Angami Japu Phizo, declared Nagaland an independent state on August 14, 1947, and received a statehood in December 1963.
The state was formed by merging the Naga Hills district of Assam and parts of the erstwhile ‘North East Frontier Agency’ (NEFA) province (now Arunachal Pradesh). Under the Shillong Accord in 1975, some factions of the ‘Naga National Council’ (NNC) and the ‘Naga Federal Government’ (NFG) agreed to give up arms, but one faction refused to do so. This faction formed the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in 1980. After its formation there was a violent clash in 1988. Cases of extremism increased. After several cases, the National Socialist Council of Nagaland split into two parts, NSCN (IM) and NSCN (K). Over time, the strength of the NSCN (IM) began to grow and was recognized as the foundation of the rebellion.
Here the demand of Naga groups has been for a separate constitution and separate flag for Nagaland. Due to this demand, many times violent incidents have also happened here. The NSCN (IM), which is said to be the leader of extremist organizations, has been talking to the central government unannounced since 1994. Which has not yielded any result so far. After the recent incident, the picture of this peace talks seems to be deteriorating. The reason for this is the anger of the people.
What is the current status of Naga peace talks?
The NSCN (IM) organization says, unless the Center fulfills the demand for a separate constitution and flag for Nagaland, this talks will not end. Under the peace talks, the Center had asked this organization to adopt the Cultural Flag instead of the National Flag, but the matter did not materialise. NSCN (IM) is sticking to its old stand. After this suggestion of the Center, the organization had said, the irony is that the Government of India is still showing off because the peace talks are hanging in the balance due to the lack of talk on the separate Naga flag and the Constitution.
The Framework Agreement (FA) was signed in 2015 to take this peace talks forward. Under this agreement, the Government of India has recognized the history, culture and status of the Nagas. Some time ago the state government had talked about creating a separate register of local residents of Nagaland, which was not supported by many groups. Therefore it could not be prepared.
After the recent incident, the difficulty of the Center has increased. The big challenge is to initiate dialogue with the angry villagers. Along with this, our stand on peace talks will have to be clarified as to what demands will be accepted and what will not.
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