Lychee has now become one of the favorite fruits of people all over the world due to its taste and color. There is no dearth of those who want it all over the world including India. Vitamin C is found in plenty in this fruit, which makes it healthy and excellent.
Litchi is produced on a large scale in Bihar.
Lychee has now become one of the favorite fruits of people all over the world due to its taste and color. There is no dearth of those who want it all over the world including India. Vitamin C is found in plenty in this fruit, which makes it healthy and excellent. China is at number one among the producing countries of litchi. In India, India produces around 1 lakh tonnes of litchi every year and it is on the second spot.
Litchi crop is grown on about 83 thousand hectares of land in India. Although litchi is eaten fresh, but its fruits are also processed, making jam, nectar, sherbet and many other things and are available in the market throughout the year.
Bihar is the largest producer
Litchi is produced in more than half a dozen states in our country. Most crops are grown in Bihar. After that litchi is produced in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Punjab. According to the Bihar government’s official data, litchi is cultivated in about 33 to 35 thousand hectares in the state.
Litchi occurs in a temperate climate
It is necessary to have a temperate climate for the production of litchi… the sky should be clear and dry when the litchi tree flowers in January-February. This brings good acceptance in the litchi tree. As soon as March and April come, fruits grow in low heat and pulp growth and quality are good. In May-June, fruits are cooked and prepared.
Dr. DN Singh, a retired Indian Forest Service officer from the Government of India, has also installed 1000 pens in Bhagalpur, Bihar. On the basis of their research, they tell that for the cultivation of litchi, Balui loam soil is needed, which is more in the area of North Bihar. It has the ability to hold water for a long time. In addition, litchi cultivation can also be done in light acidic and laterite lands. It is beneficial to do cultivation on the ground where water does not stop. Keeping this in mind, trees have also been planted in many districts of Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Yields are also getting good here.
Bihar has the highest yield of two varieties of litchi
Two types of litchi are found in Bihar. According to Singh, in many districts including Darbhanga, Samastipur, Hajipur and Muzaffarpur in the northern part of Bihar, royalty litchi is getting better yield as a better type of business. Its fruits are round and peeled dark red and juicy fruit from inside is white in color. This type of plant is very old. Along with this, fruits start growing in two to three years. A plant of 15 to 20 years yields 80 to 100 kg per year. This variety is ready from 15 to 30 May.
Another type is China. It ripens late and has smaller fruits than it. The pulp is high due to the seeds being small. There is also a variety Swarna Rupa, which is considered suitable for the plateau region. There is no problem of chopping in it. The fruit is bigger, the seed is smaller and the anus is more sweet. Apart from this, Early Bedana, D Rose and Trikolia are also good varieties.
It takes two months to prepare the plant
For commercial cultivation of litchi, the plant is prepared with goat legal. In this, the rings are covered with moisture by wrapping a piece of polythene over the top and tied with twine and prepared with great care. It takes two months to become a plant.
April to May 10 is the most important time
Rajiv Ranjan, a resident of Muzaffarpur, also does social service and is a journalist. Apart from this, they also do farming. Ranjan has planted lychee trees in about 50 bighas. They tell that along with neem medicine, many more chemical information from the internet, we are now using it. At the same time, SC Pandey, Director of Directorate of Litchi Research, Muzaffarpur, says that the time period from April to May 10 is very important and scary for the farmers here, because the fruits are growing at the same time. At this time, along with protection from insects, natural disaster also has to be dealt with.
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