He told that after the harvesting of paddy, stubble gets mixed with the soil, it rots and becomes manure. Its benefit is being obtained by getting good yield of potatoes and the need for fertilizers has decreased.
The level of pollution increases due to burning of stubble.
Gradually, farmers are now avoiding stubble burning. Awareness on the ill-effects of stubble burning and crop residue management is beginning to have an impact. Many farmers who used to burn stubble earlier, are now adopting other methods and it is benefiting them. Farmers are now decomposing the crop residue in the field. Due to this the fertilizer power of their land is increasing and the use of manure is decreasing. In such a situation, they are increasing their earnings along with savings.
Lakhwinder Singh, a farmer of Agwar Pona village of Jagraon, told Hindustan Times that I have been managing stubble through in-situ technology for the last five years. I am getting a lot of benefit from this. He told that I use 20 percent less DAP and urea in the fields, yet there is no effect on the yield. The quality of the soil has also improved significantly.
Wheat, moong and potato production increased due to stubble management
He told that after the harvesting of paddy, stubble gets mixed with the soil, it rots and becomes manure. Its benefit is being obtained by getting good yield of potatoes and the need for fertilizers has decreased. Describing his experience, Lakhwinder Singh said that the benefits of stubble management through in-situ technology are being reaped in wheat, moong and potato crops. The production of all three has increased significantly.
Agriculture Development Officer (ADO) Raminder Singh said that if all farmers adopt these techniques then they can save crores of rupees spent on purchase of fertilizers like nitrogen, phosphorus and potash. He said that adequate amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash would be increased by the management of paddy straw. Singh said the residues help protect the soil from wind and water erosion and keep the soil cool by conserving precious water.
stubble burning is very dangerous
He called upon the farmers to adopt crop residue management wholeheartedly for the management of stubble and said that burning of paddy straw is extremely dangerous for the farmers and the land, which our farmers consider as mother. He said that apart from having harmful effects on the environment due to burning of paddy, the health of the soil also deteriorates.
Raminder Singh said that burning of stubble destroys many major and micro nutrients of the soil. Also burning of paddy straw releases many toxic gases, which harm human health.
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