There may be a reduction in the incidents of stubble burning. (signal picture)
The steps taken in the direction of reducing the quantity of paddy straw are showing positive results. The total area under paddy in eight NCR districts of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh has decreased by 7.72 per cent during the current year as compared to the previous year. Similarly, the total paddy straw content from non-basmati variety is expected to decrease by 12.42 percent during the current year as compared to the previous year.
The Central Government and the State Governments of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are taking measures to diversify crops as well as reduce the use of Pusa-44 variety of paddy. Burning of paddy straw from non-basmati varieties of crops is a major concern. Crop diversification and replacement of Pusa-44 variety with short duration and high yielding varieties are part of the framework and action plan to control stubble burning.
the amount of straw will decrease
According to the data received from the state governments of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, the total quantity of paddy straw will decrease this year. The total quantity of paddy straw this year in Punjab is 1.31 million tonnes (decreased from 20.05 million tonnes in 2020 to 18.74 million tonnes in 2021), 0.8 million tonnes in Haryana (from 7.6 million tonnes in 2020 to 6.8 million tonnes in 2021) and Uttar Pradesh. The eight NCR districts are expected to reduce by 0.09 million tonnes (from 0.75 million tonnes in 2020 to 0.67 million tonnes in 2021). The total quantity of stubble in the respective states was 28.4 million tonnes in 2020, which is now expected to come down to 26.21 million tonnes in 2021.
Further reduction is expected in the non-basmati variety. The amount of paddy straw especially from non-basmati variety crops is expected to decline from 17.82 million tonnes in Punjab in 2020 to 16.07 million tonnes in 2021 and in Haryana from 3.5 million tonnes in 2020 to 2.9 million tonnes in 2021.
effect of good management
The Commission had directed the respective State Governments to promote short duration and early maturing crop varieties through a comprehensive framework, as they can be managed quite efficiently and a comprehensive approach to the management of paddy straw. medium can be provided.
As per the recommendations of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, CAQM had made a positive effort with the State Governments to promote it. In addition, crop diversification programs are being implemented in NCR districts of Uttar Pradesh as well as in the states of Punjab and Haryana by shifting the water consuming paddy area to alternative crops.
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