Girls becoming mothers at an early age in Kerala (symbolic photo)
According to a report, in the year 2019 in Kerala, 4.37 percent women became mothers at an early age. Another thing revealed in the data is that most of these mothers were educated. Of these, 16,139 had passed class 10th, while only 57 were illiterate.
According to a report by the Kerala government, in the year 2019, more than 4 percent of women in the state became mothers at an early age. A report by the Kerala government shows that 4.37 per cent of the mothers who gave birth in 2019 were in the 15-19 age group. Some of these mothers gave birth to the second, third child at the age of just 19. These figures clearly show the prevalence of child marriage in Kerala despite progress in women empowerment and education.
The statistics report was published by the Department of Economics and Statistics of Kerala in September. According to this report, out of 20,995 women who became mothers in the age group of 15 to 19 years, 15,248 were from urban areas and 5,747 from rural background. Of the women who became mothers under the age of 20, 316 gave birth to their second child, 59 gave birth to their third child and 16 women gave birth to their fourth child. On dividing the group of these girls who became mothers at an early age on the basis of religion, it was found that 11,725 of these were Muslim, 3,132 Hindu and 367 Christian women.
higher number of educated women
Another surprising thing that emerged from these figures is that most of these mothers were educated. Of these, 16,139 had passed class 10th but were not graduates. There were only 57 illiterate. 38 women had completed primary level education and 1,463 had studied between primary level and 10th standard. On the other hand, there was no information about the education of 3,298 mothers. According to the data, out of 109 maternal deaths recorded in the year 2019, only two were below 19 years of age.
62 cases related to child marriage
According to the crime data of Kerala Police, 62 cases related to prohibition of child marriage were registered in the state between 2016 and July this year. Last week in Malappuram, the police had registered a case regarding the marriage of a 17-year-old girl. The report said that the crude birth rate (number of live babies born in a year per 1,000 population) has come down to 13.79 in 2019 from 14.10 in 2018. A district-wise analysis of these figures shows that the highest rate was in Malappuram district (20.73) of northern Kerala. This is followed by two districts of the same region, Wayanad (17.28) and Kozhikode (17.22).
The lowest crude birth rate was recorded in Ernakulam and Alappuzha (8.28) districts. The crude birth rate refers to the growth or decline of population in an area. Kerala’s crude birth rate in 1997 was 19.19. On the other hand, the crude death rate in Kerala increased from 7.32 in 2011 to 7.77 in 2019. The crude death rate is the total number of deaths per 1,000 population per year. According to the number of live births registered in the region, 1,40,314 children were born from rural areas and 3,39,799 were born from urban areas.
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