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Direct Seeding of Rice: Punjab and Haryana are troubled by the falling ground water level. The excess of paddy cultivation in both is increasing this problem further. Therefore, the governments of both are trying to reduce the consumption of water by changing the way of its cultivation. But there is a vast difference in the incentive amount.
Ground water level in both Punjab and Haryana (Ground Water Level) is falling rapidly. Both are also the major paddy producing states of the country. So it is a matter of concern for his leadership. Because paddy is one of the most water consuming crops. According to agricultural scientists, about 3000 liters of water is used in the process of preparing one kg of rice. In such a situation, the governments of both the states are trying to ensure that this time farmers cultivate paddy in maximum area.Paddy Farming) Do it by direct sowing technique, in which water consumption is reduced by 20 to 35 percent as compared to conventional method. But, for this, there is a sky-high difference in the incentive amount being given to the farmers in both the states.
In Haryana, the state government has announced to provide financial assistance at the rate of Rs 4000 per acre to the farmers doing direct sowing of paddy, on the other hand the farmers of Punjab will have to be satisfied with the help of only Rs 1500 per acre for the same work. However, it is a good thing that the new government of Punjab has taken the initiative to engage the farmers to fix the depleting ground water level. It is being told that sooner or later a scheme like ‘Mera Pani Meri Virasat’ of Haryana can also be started in Punjab. So that the water crisis can be reduced to some extent.
Direct sowing of paddy and Haryana
- Haryana government has set a target of direct sowing of paddy in one lakh acres.
- To get the incentive amount, registration will be done on ‘Meri Fasal Mera Byora’ portal till July 10.
- Earlier, there was a provision of getting maximum Rs 12500 on direct sowing. Now this ceiling has been removed.
- Last year, Haryana had a target of demonstrating such farming in 20,000 acres.
What is meant by direct sowing of paddy?
Instead of transplanting, if farmers do direct sowing, then its benefit will be more. Agricultural scientists claim so. Direct sowing is also called DSR (Direct Seeding of Rice) technique. With this technique, water, money and time are saved on three things while cultivating paddy. Because it is a method of sowing seeds directly in the field instead of planting paddy nursery.
Dr. Ashok Kumar Singh, Director, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa says that maximum direct sowing was done in Punjab itself. In about 15 percent of the total paddy area. Whereas in Haryana only in four-five percent area. That is, Punjab is ahead of Haryana in this matter. He also told the advantage of this technique.
- Water will be saved up to 35%.
- Printing money will be saved.
- There is no need to get the tractor done.
- Diesel inflation has little effect. Because there is less need for irrigation.
- No hassle of putting nursery. It also saves cost.
- 6 kg seed per acre is applied in both the methods.
- In direct sowing, the field does not have to be plowed again and again.
- Sowing of treated seeds of paddy can be done by seed drill (zero tillage) machine.
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The Mera Pani Meri Virasat Scheme was started by the Haryana government to reduce the cultivation of non-basmati paddy. So that there is some improvement in the ground water level. Under this, assistance of Rs 7000 per acre is given for adopting other crops except paddy cultivation. In the paddy belt of Haryana, the ground water level is declining by about 1.0 meter every year. There are 36 such blocks in the state where the ground water level has come down from 20 meters to 40 meters in the last 12 years.
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