Matsya Sampada Yojana has been started to promote fisheries in the country, which has been implemented across the country. This is called the Blue Revolution. Under the scheme, fishermen, fish sellers, self-help groups, fish entrepreneurs, fish farmers can apply.
Government’s special scheme related to farmers
The government has set a target of doubling the income of fishermen by using technology in fish production. The government will promote cage culture for fish farming in India. There is a huge potential for shrimp production in the salt water ponds of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and western Uttar Pradesh of North India. A hub of fish export will be made here by promoting fish farming. Under the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMSY), the government has prepared a plan to promote fisheries in the country and achieve the target of doubling exports in the next five years. There is immense potential in the field of fish production in India and investment of Rs 20,050 crore under Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana will strengthen this sector.
Objective of PMMSY- Sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector, including infrastructure, species diversification, sustainable livelihoods, aquatic health management, robust database, collectivization, modernization of value chain, promotion of exports.
The focus is on establishing a robust fisheries management framework as well as implementing technologies that ensure the protection of habitats and fish.
In this context, the department is undertaking several activities including implementation of bioflocs, special focus on Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS), reservoir cage practices, open sea cage practices for conservation of marine fish and mitigation of risks to marine fishermen. .
In addition, to support livelihoods and to bring prosperity to the coastal communities, especially women, the cultivation of seaweeds etc. in an eco-friendly manner and conservation of fisheries resources during the period of ban on fishing and livelihood of fishermen’s families and The department is working to provide nutritional support.
Apart from this, the department is also rapidly promoting the making of bio-toilets in fishing boats to keep the marine environment clean and prevent pollution of marine resources.
Modern coastal fishing villages to be built with Rs 750 crore
The objective of PMMSY is to promote sustainable systems/methods of fish production with minimal environmental impacts to achieve high yield per drop.
Integrated modern coastal fisheries villages will be developed under PMMSY with an investment of Rs 750 crore to take advantage of Blue Economy/Blue Growth.
It aims to maximize economic and social benefits to coastal fishermen and minimize environmental impact through sustainable fishing methods.
2881.41 will be spent on fishermen
The project proposal has been approved with a total outlay of Rs 2881.41 crore under PMMSY during 2020-21 for sustainable development of fisheries and allied infrastructure including welfare of fishermen.
Simultaneously, the Fisheries Survey of India (FSI) is also developing new fishing methods and gear that will help reduce the physical and biological degradation of the marine ecosystem.
Fishing methods like trap fishing, hook and line, bottom set vertical longtime, tuna longline, beach water travel, pot fishing etc. have been introduced and used successfully without causing zero damage to the marine ecosystem.
The Department understands that healthy aquatic habitats are critical to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals and therefore restoring and rebuilding them is a major challenge.
The department is committed to improve biodiversity and maintain ecological balance to bring about a positive change in the country through its eco-friendly programmes, policies and practices.
Thus, it is the endeavor of the Department of Fisheries to recognize the development of the fisheries sector not only for its contribution to the growth of the Indian economy but also for its economically, socially and environmentally inclusive outcomes. In addition, the department will continue to work with countries in international fora keeping the protection of the environment and ecosystem as a priority and in the best interest of mankind.
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