Population control law has become a social issue as well as an election issue. Many state governments governed by the Bharatiya Janata Party are talking about bringing this law in their provinces. But when the population of the country itself has become aware and is producing less children, will these governments bring a law in spite of this?
Is India going to get stuck in a situation like China in terms of population?
India is the second largest country in the world after China in terms of population. However, the data of the National Family Health Survey released on Wednesday shows that the fertility rate in India is now declining. This report says that the average number of children a woman has given birth in her lifetime has now come down to 2. However, this decline is being recorded only from the year 2005-06. According to the National Family Health Survey conducted in 2005-06, the total fertility rate of the country at that time was 2.7.
Which came down to 2.2 in the National Family Health Survey of 2015-16 and now this figure has come down to 2 in the latest National Family Health Survey conducted in 2019-21. On the one hand, while these figures show that India’s population is stabilizing, on the other hand there is also a fear that whether the population will start shrinking in India in future and there should be no shortage of youth in India like China. . Because at this time there is a huge shortage of youth in China and China is now encouraging its people to have more children.
Is the country’s population going to fall?
Experts believe that due to the decrease in the number of fertility rates, there will definitely be a decline in the population of India. But it won’t happen immediately. Rather, this decline can be seen in the coming 12 to 15 years. Because at present the people who are giving birth to children are from 22 to 25 years ago, that is, the number of people who are currently in the reproductive age is still more. Therefore, even if we are producing fewer children at this time, our population will not decrease so fast. But after a few years the population of India will definitely see a decline.
Although this is not happening alone in India, this trend is seen all over the world. In fact, when women start working and families leave their villages and go outside to earn money, then they only want a small family with them. That’s why they intentionally produce fewer children. Such things have been seen in many European countries, that is why now the governments there ask people to have more children, so that there is not much age difference between people.
Will the governments still bring population control law
Population control law has become a social issue as well as an election issue. Many state governments governed by the Bharatiya Janata Party are talking about bringing this law in their provinces. But when the population of the country itself has become aware and is producing less children, will these governments bring a law in spite of this? This is a big question. Experts believe that both the population control law or encouraging to increase population like China is fatal for the society.
Because if you bring a population control law, then the population of any country will decrease rapidly, due to which the social fabric can deteriorate. And in the same way, when you encourage people to increase the population in a country, then you also have to make arrangements that better education, health and food are available for the people who will grow in your country. Therefore, governments around the world should first of all pay better attention to the future of the people who are present here. Efforts should be made to fulfill their education-health and basic facilities.
For the first time after independence, the number of women compared to men increased
Another figure has come out in this survey that for the first time after independence, the number of women in the country has increased more than men. The first survey was done in the 1990s, when the number of females was 927 against 1000 males. After that the third survey was conducted in 2005-06 when the number of men and women was equal. But when the fourth survey was conducted 6 years ago i.e. in 2015-16, at that time there were 991 women per 1000 men. But now there are 1020 women per 1000 men.
However, if we go into the child sex ratios, we will find that there are more boys than girls in children below the age of 6 years. The lack of girls in states like Punjab-Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi is worrying. However, the situation has improved in Rajasthan which is a pleasant experience. The most important thing that came out in this survey is that now the number of girls in the village is more than the boys as compared to the cities. Which tells that even in the villages of India, the thinking of you people is changing regarding daughters.
Poor health can become a matter of concern
In this survey, while there is news of decreasing fertility rate and increasing the number of women in comparison to men, on the other hand the poor health of the country is also mentioned. Especially the condition of children is worrying. According to this report, while the number of underweight women and men has decreased in the country, the share of people suffering from obesity and anemia has increased. Like the previous report, most of the victims of anemia in this report are women.
The rate of undernutrition in children has also slowed down. In the surveys for the years 2005-06 and 2015-16, where stunting among children under the age of 5 years decreased at a rate of 10 per cent. At the same time, in this survey it has decreased at a speed of only 3 percent. The figures are similar in the case of infant mortality also. To deal with this situation, before announcing new schemes, governments should focus on improving those schemes which already exist.
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