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Madhya Pradesh: The talk of organic farming continued, the consumption of chemical fertilizers continued to increase.

Complete analysis of increasing consumption of manure in Madhya Pradesh.

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Fertilizer Consumption: Madhya Pradesh is number one in organic farming, then instead of decreasing there, how is the consumption of manure increasing. Every year there is a demand to increase the quota of manure. What is the government doing to reduce the consumption of manure.

These days, there is a lot of discussion on two things regarding agriculture and agriculture in the country. First of all natural and organic farming and secondly fertilizer subsidy (Fertilizer Subsidy) Of. The consumption of chemical fertilizers is also increasing and the scope of chemical free organic farming is also being claimed to increase. How is there such a contradiction? For this, as an example, let us analyze the consumption of fertilizers in Madhya Pradesh, which has long been number one in organic farming. Here on one hand organic farming (Organic Farming) is getting bigger, on the other hand the graph of the use of chemical fertilizers is also increasing rapidly. The consumption of manure per hectare has almost doubled in the last 14 years. That is why the state government is requesting to increase the quota of fertilizers every year.

According to a report of the Union Agriculture Ministry, the consumption of fertilizers (Nitrogen-N, Phosphorus-P, Potassium-K) per hectare during 2004-05 in MP was only 47.1 kg, which increased to 90.3 kg in just 14 years till 2018-19. kg has been reached. Madhya Pradesh Agriculture Minister Kamal Patel said that at present in Madhya Pradesh there is soybean in 65 lakh hectares, urad in 18 lakh hectares, paddy in 35 lakh hectares and maize in 13 lakh hectares. Adequate manure has been demanded for them.

Then why is the consumption of manure increasing?

However, the question of the issue is that despite the continuous increase in the scope of organic farming, why is the consumption of fertilizers not decreasing here? Even the Agriculture Minister of MP is not giving a clear answer to this. For a long time, the focus is on doing chemical free farming in the state, but in the meantime, the increase in the consumption of chemical fertilizers is interesting in itself. The Madhya Pradesh government is demanding to increase the quota of fertilizers this year as well.

State wise per hectare consumption of fertilizers (N+P+K)

Year 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Consumption 47.1 61.5 63.8 69.7 81.4 87.2 84.0
Year 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Consumption 80.8 80.5 78.2 83.6 79.6 82.0 90.3
#NPK – Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) Potassium (K)
Source: Ministry of Agriculture. kg per hectare

Trying to reduce the consumption of manure: Agriculture Minister

When we talked to MP Agriculture Minister Kamal Patel about this, he said that we have asked for more manure to keep advance. There is 148 lakh hectares of cultivable land in MP. Along with organic farming, we are also promoting natural farming, so that the consumption of manure is reduced. People got to eat chemical free foods. Farmers are being told that if you do organic and natural farming, then the increase in the prices of fertilizers will not have any effect on you. Your cost of cultivation will come down.

Madhya Pradesh in organic farming

According to the officials of the Union Agriculture Ministry, organic farming was being done in 38.9 lakh hectares across the country in 2020-21, out of which 17.31 lakh hectares is in Madhya Pradesh alone. There are 43.38 lakh farmers doing organic farming across the country, out of which 7,73,902 farmers are from Madhya Pradesh only. The government is looking for ways forward to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers. Some announcements have been made for that.

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  • The state government has decided to start natural farming in 5,200 villages this year.
  • So far, 1 lakh 65 thousand farmers of the state have shown interest in natural farming.
  • Announcement to give Rs 900 per month to those who keep indigenous cows for natural farming.
  • Madhya Pradesh Natural Agriculture Development Board has been constituted.

Fertilizer requirement in Madhya Pradesh

Fertilizer 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
urea 23.0 28.5 31.0 34.45
dap 11.5 13.0 13.55 18.73
mop 1.25 1.5 1.5 1.6
NPKS 2.8 3.75 3.75 4.15
Source: Ministry of Agriculture. lakh metric tons.

Rural and Agrarian India Network (RAIN) President Prof. Sudhir Suthar says that the area being told about organic farming may not be true. It should be seen whether the farmers got the registration done by telling them organic farming or whether the government also verified the claims of the farmers. It has to be understood. It is possible that the area under cultivation has increased. It is also possible that some people have stopped using fertilizers completely and some people have increased the use wildly.

: Language Inputs

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