There was already a demand from ASI to conduct an inquiry at this place. In this case, in December 2019, advocate Vijay Shankar Rastogi filed an application on behalf of Swayambhu Jyotirlinga Lord Vishweshwar in the court of civil judge. In this, the ASI demanded a survey of the entire Gyanvapi campus.
Kashi Vishwanath – A case of knowledge
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Banaras is one of the most famous temples in the country where a large number of devotees gather every day. This temple, one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of the country, is situated on the banks of the Ganges. It is believed that the temple was broken and looted many times and rebuilt many times. Since 1991, litigation has been going on regarding its existence. The petitioner of the temple side claimed that the Kashi Vishwanath temple was built by Maharaja Vikramaditya about 2,050 years ago.
Later in 1664 the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb broke the temple and gave it the shape of a mosque. Which is known as Gyanvapi Mosque. The local court has approved the ASI to investigate the matter on Thursday. The state government will bear the expenses of the investigation. The court said in the order that a committee of 5 people should be formed and excavated. People of 2 minority communities should also be kept in the committee.
History of inquisitive litigation
The history of Gyanvapi lawsuit is thirty years old from today, i.e. this case has been going on since 1991. The case was first filed by three Varanasi pundits, including Pandit Somnath Vyas, Pandit Ramrang Sharma and Harihar Pandey. The idol is Swayambhu Bhagwan Vishweshwar and others vs Itanjamia Masjid and others. The lawsuit of this temple is coming under the Places of Worship Act, which means that the place of worship which was there on 15 August 1947 at the time of independence, will be the same, that if there was a mosque somewhere on 15 August 1947, then the mosque will remain there. And if there was a temple, then there will be a temple there.
Hindu people claim that there has always been a temple and there was a temple. While the Muslim side claims that the temple was not a mosque at that place. On this (Thursday), the court has issued an order that now the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India) will dig it up and submit the report to the court. According to a DNA report, as evidence in this case before this, Hindus have submitted a 351 year old paper which was issued from the court of Aurangzeb on 18 April 1669. However, this document is in Persian, which is translated in Hindi as such.
It is written in the document that in some suburbs of Multan and Benaras, stupid Brahmins teach their junk books in schools and in these schools Hindu and Muslim students and inquisitors come from the point of view of their bullying knowledge and science. After hearing this, the King of Religion has issued a decree to the subedars that they will demolish the temples and schools of the infidels with their own will. They have also been strongly advised to stop reading and reading all the scriptures related to idol worship. After this, information is given to Aurangzeb that after his order, on September 2, 1669, the Kashi Vishwanath temple has been demolished.
The demand of ASI to conduct an inquiry at this place was going on since 2019. In this case, in December 2019, advocate Vijay Shankar Rastogi filed an application on behalf of Swayambhu Jyotirlinga Lord Vishweshwar in the court of civil judge. In this, the ASI demanded a survey of the entire Gyanvapi campus. As mysterious as this issue is, the more mysterious is the history of this temple. On which the historians have been talking about being attacked many times.
What is the history of knowledge
It is believed that the history of Gyanvapi is associated with the 11th century, its mention in history comes from the era of King Harishchandra. It was renovated by King Harish Chandra in the 11th century, after which it was again renovated by Emperor Vikramaditya. However, at that time, Muhammad Ghori broke the temple after plundering it. Historians believe that this temple was once again broken by the Sultan of Jaunpur, Mahmud Shah in 1447, after which the temple was rebuilt in 1585 by Pandit Narayan Bhatt with the help of Todarmal.
But it was again torn down by Aurangzeb in 1669 and a mosque built there which is now called Gyanvapi Mosque. However, in 1780, Queen Ahilyabai of Malwa built a new temple next to the Gyanvapi complex, which we know today as Kashi Vishwanath Temple. In a way, this dispute has been going on since the place was a temple or a mosque.
When Prime Minister Modi contested and won the Lok Sabha election from Banaras, he had a dream that Varanasi would be made a religious city on the lines of Kyoto, Japan, which would be equipped with every comfort. The Vishwanath Corridor is a part of that dream. Due to this corridor being built at a cost of 800 crores, people coming to visit Varanasi and devotees visiting Kashi Vishwanath will have a lot of convenience. Where earlier people had to pass through the narrow streets, they will now get an open corridor there. Every facility will be available in this corridor being built in 5.3 lakh square feet. It will have an integrated command center for security.
Under this project, all the construction including the main temple complex, temple chowk, city gallery, museum, auditorium, hall, facilitation center, salvation house, Godoulia Gate, Bhojshala, shelter for priests-servants, spiritual book stall will be in 30% share. . In the Kashi Vishwanath Dham Corridor, the temple complex will be built in about 3100 square meters. With this, Jalassen terrace will be built on the exterior of the corridor. Along with Ganga ji, Manikarnika, Jalasen and Lalitha Ghat can also be seen by standing on this terrace.
However, many controversies also started when this project started. First of all, this corridor was opposed by saying that it will end the real Banaras which is situated in the streets. After that, the people whose houses were coming in the middle of this corridor started to dispute, when it all went quiet, some people and organizations stood up to the point that many temples coming in its way for a temple to be broken. not right. However, in the meantime, many such cases came in which it was seen that people had occupied centuries old temples and built their houses in it, about 43 such temples were revealed on which the house was built.
The case of the corridor reached the Supreme Court
When the Vishwanath Corridor started to be built, the Muslim side felt that it might harm their so-called Gyanvapi mosque. Because of this, a petition was filed in the Supreme Court on behalf of Anjuman Intejamia Masajid, the committee that oversees the Gyanvapi mosque. The petition said that the demolition of the temple and buildings around the Gyanvapi mosque and the opening of new paths posed a serious threat to the mosque’s security. A two-judge bench of the Supreme Court held a long hearing on the matter. Later, the two-judge bench of the Supreme Court, Justice Arun Mishra and Vineet Saran ruled that the expansion of Vishwanath temple could not be stayed on the grounds of mere apprehension. With this, the court said that any community should have a case, devotees should get basic facilities.
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