EV Ramaswamy ‘Periyar’, who laid the foundation of the Dravidian Movement, raised his voice against discrimination against non-Brahmins in the southern states, especially in Tamil Nadu. It is said to have started in 1924 when the entry of Dalits was banned on the path leading to the temple of the king of Travancore.
This time in the politics of Tamil Nadu, another party along with AIDMK and DMK is thriving and that is ‘Makkal Nidhi Mayyam’ (MNM) party of super star actor Kamal Hassan. The politics of Tamil Nadu has been revolving around film actors and actresses for decades, whether it was MG Ramachandran or Jayalalitha or Karunanidhi have all had history with Tamil films. Kamal Haasan is also the crop of the same field. This time Kamal Haasan can get the direct benefit of Karunanidhi and Jayalalithaa’s absence in the politics of Tamil Nadu.
Kamal Haasan has also taken his life to prove himself this time in Tamil Nadu elections and he hopes that like Kejriwal in Delhi, he too will create history in Tamil Nadu. Kamal Haasan is taking recourse to every issue to ensure his victory, while talking to the BBC in this regard, he raised an issue whose history has always been in the politics of Tamil Nadu. Even parties like DMK were born on the basis of that issue. Now Kamal Haasan also wants to establish himself in the politics of Tamil Nadu through the same issue.
What did Kamal Haasan say
Actually he said that, ‘Dravidism is not just an ideology. It shows our geographical location and it is an important part of our life. This is all over the country, whether it is about Mohenjodaro or Harappa. If they can talk of united India, then can I not talk of unbroken Dravidism? ‘ Here Kamal Haasan is talking about unbroken Dravidism on the BJP’s talk of Akhand Bharat. Kamal Haasan knows how highly sensitive this issue is in Tamil politics and if this dice is worked then the election can be reversed.
What is the history of Dravidism
EV Ramaswamy ‘Periyar’, who laid the foundation of the Dravidian movement in the politics of Tamil Nadu, raised his voice against discrimination against non-Brahmins in the southern states, especially in Tamil Nadu. It is said to have started in 1924 when the entry of Dalits was banned on the path leading to the temple of the king of Travancore. After which it was opposed and the people there called ‘Periyar’ to lead it. Periyar was the Congress President of Tamil Nadu, which used to be Madras State at that time. Periyar tendered his resignation for this movement and reached Travancore and led the movement.
However, Periyar was arrested here after which he remained in jail for several months. However, historians in many places also claim that the first movement for Dravidism took place in 1916 when the Dalits and backward castes in Tamil Nadu united together against Brahminism and led the movement TM Nair and Rao Bahadur Thyagaraja Chetty.
When the demand for creating a separate country arose on the strength of the Dravidians
Tamil Nadu was earlier called Madras State, Madras State used to come from coastal region of Andhra Pradesh, North Kerala (Malabar) and Karnataka from Bellary, Dakshina Kannada etc. The Dravidian population was a majority in many areas here. EV Ramaswamy Periyar, who founded the ‘Dravidian Kadagam’ or simply renamed his old party ‘Justice Party’, gave it the name for the first time, combining parts of South India with a separate country for Dravidians Dravidanadu was demanded.
However, this demand of Periyar was rejected outright and this led to differences between Periyar and his disciple CN Annadurai and Annadurai split from Periyar to form his own party ‘Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam’ (DMK). Later, with the help of this party, Karunanidhi shone in the politics of Tamil Nadu and today his son MK Stalin is representing this party.
Dravidian equation in the politics of Tamil Nadu
According to the 2011 census, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute 20.01 per cent and 1.01 per cent of Tamil Nadu’s population of 7.2 million. On the other hand, if we look at the population of the Brahmin community, then it is only 5 percent. The backward class population is about 68 percent in the state. Kamal Haasan knows that by raising the issue of unbroken Dravidism, he can do this entire non-Brahmin population in his court. However, DMK is also in front of this bet, which has always been contesting on the same issue. Now how much will Kamal Haasan’s bets fit here, it will be known only after the results of the elections.
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