India’s strategic partner France is open to jointly designing and developing nuclear-powered submarines, a partnership that will be important when PM Modi meets President Macron in Paris this month.
File Pic- Submarine
The Indian Navy intends to approach the government for authorized force levels of nuclear-powered and diesel-electric attack submarines, in addition to ballistic missile submarines with the Strategic Force Command (SFC). This information was given on Wednesday. A South Block official said the Navy’s new plan was inspired by a similar cabinet authority for 42 squadrons of the Indian Air Force, which would seek approval for 6 nuclear-powered attack submarines and 18 diesel assault submarines.
Authorization for diesel subacitation will include an air-independent propulsion system or AIP, which ensures that these submarines can stay on the surface longer and be quieter than a nuclear-powered submarine. The proposed move comes at a time when the Navy is finalizing a plan from the Defense Acquisition Committee to approve the construction of six nuclear-powered attack submarines, or SSNs, to expand the Navy’s capabilities with the defense establishment’s continuing focus As part.
Submarine makes more deadly
Currently, India has 15 diesel-electric submarines including only one Akula-class SSN, Akula-II nuclear-propelled attack boat INS Chakra, and Scorpene-class submarine INS Kalvari, leased from Russia, while three Kalvari-class submarines commissioned. Has been done, the remaining three will be equipped with the AIP system. This makes the submarine more lethal than the SSN because its low radar signature reduces the probability of detection.
The next SSBN, INS Arighat, is scheduled to be established in 2022, the 75th year of independence, and will consist of intermediate-range ballistic missiles launched by K-15 and K-4 nuclear-capable submarine. The K-15 is expected to have a range of 1,500 km, while the maximum range of the K-4 is 3,500 km. Both missiles are being developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization, or DRDO.
The DRDO also has a long-term plan to develop and test the K5 missile, which will have a range of 5,000 km, the same Agni-5 being a surface-to-surface missile. The SSBN is the most powerful of the nuclear triad due to its survival capabilities and forms the backbone of India’s second-strike capability due to its not being used in drafting nuclear-theory.
Rapid expansion in Indian Navy
India’s national security establishment is already in touch with its French counterparts to ensure that the Indian Navy constructs sufficient detention in the Indo-Pacific in the face of the rapidly expanding PLA Navy. The Indian Navy hopes that the PLA Navy will start sending carrier strike force patrols to the Indian Ocean by 2023.
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