The prawn spinach of Punjab is troubled due to White Fecal Disease (WFD). Due to this disease, there is a digestive problem in prawns and their weight starts falling. Because of this, prawns also die in the pond itself. Due to stagnation of growth and fall in weight, prawns do not get a good price in the market and they are forced to sell them at throwaway prices.
The prawn spinach of Punjab was earning well for the last two years. Even after the outbreak of the global pandemic Corona last year, he did not face any kind of problem. But this year the shrimp spinach is very upset. Due to a disease the growth of prawns has stopped and they are dying in the pond itself. Now the shrimp farmers are worried about whether the cost will be able to come out or not.
Actually, due to White Fecal Disease (WFD), the prawn spinach of Punjab is troubled. Due to this disease, there is a digestive problem in prawns and their weight starts falling. Because of this, prawns also die in the pond itself. Due to stagnation of growth and fall in weight, prawns do not get a good price in the market and they are forced to sell them at throwaway prices.
According to the news of Hindustan Times, Jagmohan Singh, a resident of Arniwala village in Fazilka district, was expecting a good season in shrimp farming for the third year in a row. But WFD dashed their hopes. Jagmohan Singh was expecting a turnover of Rs 40 lakh this time, but not even Rs 16 lakh of his cost came out and had to sell the prawns from the pond ahead of time.
Profits in shrimp farming were happening for two years
Normally in the month of September-October, prawns are taken out from the pond and sold. Due to illness, this time the shrimp farmers of Punjab had to remove them from the pond in August itself. Had they waited any longer, the damage would have increased.
Jagmohan Singh was rearing shrimp since 2019. He says that seeing the opportunity in this field, I started shrimp farming in 2019. By arranging salt water and waterlogged land, all the necessary works of shrimp farming were done. They say that for two consecutive years there was good earning in shrimp farming. Encouraged by this, I expanded this work further. Jagmohan reared shrimp in an area of 3 acres this year. But due to illness, even his total cost could not be met.
Farmers of Muktsar, Bathinda, Fazilka and Mansa districts of Punjab are also reporting similar experiences this year. The prawns in their pond are also vulnerable to WFD disease. Farmers say that they had bought shrimp seeds through the middleman. The farmers have sought the help of the Punjab government in providing reliable seeds to recover from the loss.
Prawn is exported to America and China
Dr Meera D Ansal, Dean of the Department of Aquaculture College of Fisheries at Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University, says, “WFD is a common problem, but for the first time it has affected farmers on such a large scale. Prawn farming is highly profitable, but it also has risks. For cultivating shrimp, the farmers should follow the protocol made by the national agency.
The US and China are the main importers of Indian shrimp. Harminder Singh, an experienced aquacultureist from Mansa says, “Bio-security is the key to a good shrimp harvest. Farmers should ensure that the entire pond area is protected from birds or stray animals and only clean persons enter the pond.’
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