In the study conducted by some researchers in the year 2018, it was found out how Naxalites use two handcuffs to incite the youth living in the tribal areas to fight against their land.
In a study conducted in the year 2018, the reasons for the youth’s involvement with this movement were ascertained.
The Naxalite attack on Saturday has once again become a matter of great concern for the security agencies. Naxalite is not taking the name of problem reduction even after many strategies and many operations. It is astonishing that efforts are being made to woo many youngsters coming from backward areas of places like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. According to a study done three years ago, Naxalites use their uniforms and their weapons, not their ideology, to woo the youth.
Naxalites instigating to the ground
In the study conducted by some researchers in the year 2018, it was found out how Naxalites use two handcuffs to incite the youth living in the tribal areas to fight against their land. This group was led by Dr. Girishkant Pandey.
Dr. Pandey is the Head of the Department of Defense Studies at the Government Science College, Raipur, capital of Chhattisgarh. In his study, it was found out how the Naxalites are engaged in attracting the youth of the tribal areas to join themselves with the help of uniforms and weapons.
Dr. Pandey, through his special study, tried to find out the reasons why the youth coming from tribal areas have started joining the Naxal movement. However, such youth also leave the Naxalite movement after some time and leave.
Surrender after 12-13 years
In his research, Dr. Pandey had interviewed 25 such naxalites who had surrendered. These were the Naxalites who surrendered after 12 to 13 years. The surprising thing was that all these 25 youth had never understood the Naxalite ideology in all these years. Nor could he tell why he had joined this banned organization. Dr. Pandey did his PhD in the early 1990s on rising Naxal extremism.
His research team had reached Maharashtra Gadchiroli, a stronghold of Naxalites, for study. Also visited the adjoining areas. Here he spoke with 13 former Naxalites. Apart from this, some members of his family were also interviewed. He also visited Chhattisgarh Bastar for his study. Here 12 naxals had laid down their arms. Dr. Pandey interviewed them all.
Another researcher doctor, Varika Sharma, who was involved in the study, said that 92 percent of the Naxals involved in her study said that they were involved with this movement only because the uniforms of the naxals are green like the army. They have guns. Because of this, the Naxalites had left a distinct influence on the villagers. Apart from this, youth are also associated with this movement due to dance, slogan engineering and other activities.
Apart from these reasons, poverty, unemployment, personal or family enmity are also some of the reasons that motivate the youth to join the Naxal movement. Dr. Varnika had also claimed that no youth was associated with this movement due to Naxalite ideology. So when the surrender policy came from the government, 25 percent said goodbye to the organization due to illness.
Affected by the surrender policy of the government
It was also revealed in this research that about 33 percent of the cadres were affected by the surrender policy of the government. At the same time, 13 percent were such who were troubled by the exploitation from their seniors. Researcher Toran Singh Thakur had told that according to the naxalites who surrendered, Naxalites have failed to attract and recruit youth from the year 2011-2012. Because of this, they are struggling with the lack of members.
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