Hindi Diwas 2021: India is a country with many languages and dialects. There are different languages and dialects of each region. Because of this Hindi is not our national language.
It is generally believed that Hindi is the national language of India. But it is not so. Yes, most of the population of the country understands and speaks Hindi. But it is also a fact that Hindi is not the national language of this country. There is no one national language of India special for its diversity. Hindi is our official language. Hindi got the status of official language on 14 September 1949. Important provisions related to this were made in Part-17 of the Constitution. Keeping this historical date in mind, ‘Hindi Day’ is organized every year on 14th September by the Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti since 1953.
Hindi is the official language of India. India is a country with many languages and dialects. There are different languages and dialects of each region. Because of this Hindi is not our national language. Mother tongue is the language that a child learns from his mother in childhood. The language in which we speak the first word or sentence of our life.
Hindi has many dialects
Official language is the language used for official work in the country. The major dialects of Hindi include Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Brajbhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Garhwali, Haryanvi, Kumaoni, Magadhi and Marwari languages. When the country became independent in the year 1947 from the slavery of the British, there was a big question in front of the language. Because India was and still is a country with hundreds of languages and dialects.
how was the official language
On 6 December 1946, the assembly was formed to prepare the constitution to run the country. In the year 1949, on the day of 14 September, the Constituent Assembly declared Hindi as the official language of India. Hindi and English were chosen as the new official languages of the new nation. The Constituent Assembly approved the final draft of the country’s constitution on 26 November 1949. The Constitution came into force on 26 January 1950. The first Hindi Day was celebrated on 14 September 1953.
It was not easy to choose Hindi as the official language
Section 343(1) of Chapter 17 of the Constitution of India states that the official language of the nation shall be Hindi and the script Devanagari. It is said that in a country with different languages and dialects, it was not easy to choose Hindi as the official language of India. For this, many Hindi supporters held rallies and lobbied to make Hindi the official language, only then it became possible. In North Indian states, Hindi is the language of the common people from the spoken, education-writing to the institutional level.
what is national language
National language is considered an integral part of the culture of any country. It is used prominently in language works throughout the nation. It is that language, which every citizen of the country knows and understands and behaves in spite of being other language-speaking.
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