Like Chinese, Russian, German and French, Hindi has faced great challenges. Hindi was the first language that had to bear the brunt of provincial politics. The boundaries of the states in the country were divided according to the language and the politics related to the language has gradually strengthened its feet.
Hindi has to bear the brunt of provincial politics
Every time there is a big debate on Hindi Diwas that what is the existence of Hindi in India? Why can’t Hindi be the link language of the country? This debate becomes bigger and more complicated because there are many other ancient languages in India which are older than Hindi. It includes Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada and Telugu which are still spoken and live languages in large areas today. Along with this, due to the rule of the British, the roots of English have deepened in the reading and writing section of the country and English started being used as a link language. That is, even today there is no national coordination regarding Hindi. Some people call Hindi the largest provincial language. But this does not end the importance of Hindi. Hindi is the most spoken and read language of the country. Hindi is the soft power of India.
If he meets any Indian abroad, he will talk in Hindi before the provincial language. Hindi is the biggest entertainment industry of the country. Bollywood also has a big hand in this that Hindi has made its place in the hearts of the people. Hindi has taken this place not by fighting but by becoming the choice of the people. Therefore Hindi is like a soft power which is alive and with the passage of time, modern words also have a place in their language. That is, there are many variations in Hindi also.
Hindi serves to link local dialects
The taste in Hindi comes from local dialects. That is, there is a difference between Mitlanchal’s Hindi and Awadhi Hindi. Hindi of West Uttar Pradesh will be separated. That is, Hindi also works to connect all the dialects in North India. Hindi has also expanded in the past. People in Arunachal Pradesh speak pure Hindi. There are many types of Hindi. Mumbai Hindi, Nagpuri Hindi, Hyderabadi Hindi, Haryanvi Hindi are some examples. Many experts will say that these are dialects and their existence is different. But there can be a different point of view of seeing them and that is that Hindi connects them.
The boundaries of the states in the country are divided according to the language
Chinese, Russian, German and French languages did not face the challenges that Hindi faced. Hindi was the first language that had to bear the brunt of provincial politics. The boundaries of the states in the country were divided according to the language and the politics related to the language gradually strengthened its feet. That is, there was a movement against Hindi in Tamil Nadu. People saw it from the point of view of Hindi imperialism and expansionism rather than from the point of view of National Navnirman. That’s why Hindi came into being.
It is very important to work on these three things
For any language to become the universal language of the country, three things are needed. I would like to quote Professor Jeet Singh Oberoi who taught me Sociology at Delhi School of Economics. He said that for any language to become universal, three things are needed. First of all, mathematics and science should be taught in that language in the country. That is, from simple mathematics to the country’s atomic bomb codes should also be in the same language. For example, the guide book in Russian spaceship is in Russian language only.
Second, primary and higher education in the country should be in that language only. That is, children understand things in French from childhood to PhD in France. In Mandarin in China and German in Germany. If you want to study in these countries then you have to learn the language of this country. Language lays the foundation of culture and it forms the national character. That is, a national character. And finally there should be the same language of governance. There are many languages of governance in India. That is, Andhra Pradesh cadre will have to learn Hindi, Telugu and English all three. That is why Hindi should not get caught in the trap of national language and official language, because it cannot be done now.
The country can be divided by the politics of Hindi. Hindi is like soft power of India. No one can make it big or small. Its existence is limitless. Therefore the debate should be on the language and not on the expansion of Hindi. should be on the literature. It should be within reach. Hindi is alive and should not be seen as a memorial.
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