Power crisis deepens across the country
The power crisis is deepening in many states including Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Bihar, Delhi and Tamil Nadu. With the Chief Ministers of all the states raising the issue of shortage of coal, the central government has given four reasons for the power crisis and reduction in coal reserves. This also includes an unprecedented increase in the demand for electricity due to the boom in the economy. According to the ministry, an inter-ministerial sub-group led by the Ministry of Coal is monitoring the status of coal stocks twice a week as the country is facing power crisis due to depletion of coal reserves.
According to power company PSPCL, power plants have had to cut production due to acute shortage of coal and power cuts are being done alternately at many places in the state. Though the country has recorded record production of coal this year, excessive rainfall has significantly affected the movement of fuel from coal mines to power generation units. The government says that the daily consumption of electricity has exceeded 4 billion units per day and in this, up to 70 percent of the electricity demand is met by coal-fired power generation, which is why dependence on coal is increasing. Is.
According to the government these are the 4 reasons for the power crisis….
- The boom in the economy has led to an unprecedented increase in the demand for electricity.
- The rains have also significantly affected the movement of fuel from coal mines to power generation units. The slowing down of coal production and coal extraction process due to heavy rains in the coal mine areas during September 2021 is also one of the reasons.
- Due to the sudden increase in the prices of imported coal, the power generated from imported coal has come down, this has increased the dependence on domestic coal. In fact, imported coal-based power plants are producing less than half of their capacity. A Tata Power spokesperson said, “Due to the high cost of imported coal, it is impossible to supply electricity under the current power purchase agreement.”
- Not creating enough coal reserves before the onset of monsoon is also a big reason.
- Apart from the demand for electricity from the agriculture sector, the high day temperature is also increasing the power requirements in many states.
How much coal is left in the mines?
Meanwhile, while power producers and distributors have warned of power cuts, claiming that coal is left for a few hours of electricity, the Coal Ministry says that the stock of coal in the country is sufficient and the goods are being replenished continuously. has been.
A top coal ministry official said, “There are reserves of about 40 million tonnes in mines and 7.5 million tonnes in power plants. Transportation of coal from mines to power plants has been a problem as the mines have been flooded due to excessive rains. But now it is being dealt with and the supply of coal to power plants is increasing.
By how much did the price of coal rise?
Tata Power, which supplies 1850 MW to Gujarat, 475 to Punjab, 380 to Rajasthan, 760 to Maharashtra and 380 MW to Haryana, has stopped generation from its imported coal-fired power plant in Mundra, Gujarat. Adani Power’s Mundra unit is also facing a similar problem. The power ministry said the imported coal price of Indonesian coal has increased from $60 to $160 a tonne in March-2021.
Consumption higher in Delhi than in September
According to DISCOM officials, the demand for electricity in Delhi is increasing and now it has exceeded even 2020. Discom officials said that between July and September this year, electricity demand in Delhi is 53 per cent higher than in the same period of 2020 and 34 per cent higher than in 2019.
He said that apart from opening up and resuming economic activities, the weather has also had a profound effect on the electricity demand of the city. Analyzing on a monthly basis, the electricity demand in Delhi is 70 per cent higher in 2020 as compared to the same days. On the other hand, peak power demand in September 2021 has been lower as compared to September 2020 due to the rainy season, officials said.
Meanwhile, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has written a letter to Prime Minister Narendra regarding the power crisis. He said in the letter that he is personally monitoring this situation and trying his best to ensure that such a situation does not happen.
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