Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
The central government has extended the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) till 2025-26. The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of this mission till 2025-26. Through this mission, the work related to running Open Defecation Free Scheme (ODF) in urban areas, solid waste management in all cities, sewerage water management in cities with less than 1 lakh population is to be emphasized. This scheme is running in different parts of the country since 2014 when the present government (NDA 1.0) was formed.
The second edition of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) or SBM (U) was launched on 1 October 2021. It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Under the Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0, there will be more emphasis on solid waste management. It aims to make a ‘garbage free’ city. This mission will be completely paperless and all the records of cleanliness related work will be recorded online, there will be no paperwork. GIS marked waste management infrastructure, online grievance redressal system, online monitoring from project issuance to its inception and completion and use of all kinds of state-of-the-art technology will be implemented in Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0.
What will happen in the mission
Under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0, all cities of the country will be made ‘Open Defecation Free’ (ODF). For this, the government has already started the work of constructing toilets. There is a continuous increase in it. Two categories of ODF have been created. All the cities of the country will be converted into ODF+ and cities with less than 1 lakh population will be converted into ODF++. The sewer water coming out of the cities has to be managed or treated at all costs. That water will be used for other purposes. The water will be cleaned and poured into rivers or ponds so that clean water is not polluted by it. Government agencies will ensure compliance with these rules.
Cleanliness will increase in cities
With the increase in development works, a large population from rural areas is migrating to the cities. Its biggest pressure is being seen on cleanliness and waste management. In order to provide sanitation services to this population at the right time, provision has been made in the Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0. Under this, 3.5 lakh individual, community and public toilets will be constructed across the country. Along with this, work will be done towards achieving at least 3 star garbage free rating for all cities for solid waste management. Star rating is given to the cities according to their place in cleanliness. The government is preparing that by running the mission of cleanliness in small towns also, a rating of at least 3 stars should be given.
Over 5.5 lakh sanitation workers
More than 5.5 lakh sanitation workers of social welfare schemes are associated with the cleanliness campaign started by the government. The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) has been able to bring about a significant change in the lives of sanitation workers and waste management workers. The program sees the active participation of 200 million citizens (comprising more than 50 percent of India’s urban population), thanks to which the mission has emerged as a major cleanliness movement in the country. So far more than 2 crore public grievances have been resolved through digital means like Swachhta App.
How much will the mission cost
A total of Rs 1,41,600 crore will be spent by the central government on this mission. 62,009 crore was spent in the previous phase of the mission. There is a preparation to spend about 2.5 times more than that. Urban India was made open defecation free in 2019 but this achievement is yet to be achieved in smaller cities. Under the Swachh Bharat Mission, over 3,300 cities and over 960 cities have been certified ODF1+ and ODF++2 respectively. Apart from this, various steps have been taken like door-to-door garbage collection, Swachhta App, active engagement with citizens.
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