Most of the jute in India is grown only in West Bengal. In Bengal, jute cultivation is taking place in an area of about 5 lakh 15 thousand hectares. About three fourth of the country’s production is coming from this state. Jute and paddy are very popular crops in the Terai region of Bengal.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Saturday that the central government has increased the MSP of jute by more than 85 percent in 6 years. Packaging of wheat in jute, use of jute bags instead of plastic in the country, we have taken steps to increase the demand for jute. But the state government is not only encouraging jute mills. Let us tell you that most of the jute in India is grown in West Bengal only. In Bengal, jute cultivation is taking place in an area of about 5 lakh 15 thousand hectares. About three fourth of the country’s production is coming from this state. Jute and paddy are very popular crops in the Terai region of Bengal. Most small and marginal farmers are interested in and do its cultivation. However, this trend seems to be changing now and the farmers of the Terai region are emphasizing on maize cultivation. Its major impact is being seen on the area of jute.
Where is the use of jute…
Jute fibers are used for making sacks, carpets, tents, tarpaulins, sacks, ropes, low-grade cloth and paper. Jute, pat or patua is a dicotyledonous, fibrous plant. Its stem is thin and cylindrical. Leaves are separated from its stem and bundled in water and put to rot.
After this, the fiber is separated from the plant. Its fibers are used for making sacks, carpets, tents, tarpaulins, sacks, ropes, low-grade cloth and paper.
The word ‘jute’ is understood to have originated from ‘jata’ or ‘jute’ in Sanskrit. The term is first used in Europe in the 18th century.
Jute is cultivated on about 16 lakh acres of land in some Terai parts of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Assam and Uttar Pradesh, India. About 67 per cent of production is consumed in India only. 7 per cent remains with the farmers and the rest is exported to Britain, Belgium, Germany, France, Italy and America.
The Central Government has increased the MSP of jute by more than 85% in 6 years.
Packaging of wheat in jute, use of jute bags instead of plastic in the country, we took steps to increase the demand for jute.
— Piyush Goyal (@PiyushGoyal) April 3, 2021
Jute is cultivated extensively in West Bengal. But for the last few years, farmers are moving away from this farming because the source of income is decreasing. Farmers have started cultivation of maize instead and they are earning good profits by selling it.
Due to the decrease in jute cultivation, there is a huge decrease in the products related to jute. Some methods have been devised scientifically to deal with this so that jute can be grown in less labor and farmers’ income can be increased. For this, a new method has emerged in which jute farming is being done without plowing. Due to this, the cost of labor and cultivation of farmers is coming down.
Farmers are getting help from this scheme
One reason for the lack of jute cultivation is also said to be middlemen, who are occupied in the fiber business. They are becoming a hindrance in getting remunerative prices to the farmers. In view of this, in 2014-15, a project was started by Uttar Banga Agricultural University with the support of CIMMYT and the financial support of Australian Center for International Agriculture Research. The project was named Intensive and Sustainable Agricultural System in the Eastern Gangetic Plains. Under this, the protocol of CA jute was standardized in 2017-18. This protocol was successfully used in farmers’ fields.
This machine changed the way of farming
The agricultural organization and local NGO ‘Satmile Satish Club and Pathgar’, working in the agricultural sector in Bengal, gave active support in this. Under this, a machine was made which sows jute without plowing. After harvesting wheat from the combine harvester, the next crop can be sown. The name of this machine is PCR which is a better tool for sowing of jute without plowing. Although it was difficult to prepare the farmers for the hapicider, but the farmers were persuaded for this.
Cost less, earning more
Now the perception of farmers has changed and through hapediders, jute is being sown in many states of the country. In Haryana’s Cooch Behar district itself, 10 acres of 25 farmers’ land was sown with a hapsidar machine.
During cultivation, it was found that the cost of cultivation per acre can be reduced by 20 thousand rupees. The traditional method of jute cultivation costs less than 5 rupees from the hyperaider.
Straw problem also ended
Farmers not only earned more income by cultivating jute with hapedider, but also saved the environment due to stubble. After cutting the paddy and wheat from the combine, the stumps remain in the field.
Farmers often burn it to sow the next crop, causing widespread smoke and heavy pollution.
To avoid this, the hyperaider has emerged as a major medium as the hapecider is able to directly sow jute in the fields after harvesting the crop.
Today, seeing the hapseedar, many farmers are getting attracted to jute cultivation again. Today, the hyperaider in Bengal is proving to be a boon for the farmers who cultivate jute.
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