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In today’s time, farmers are doing commercial cultivation of papaya on a large scale and taking benefits. In such a situation, it is necessary to manage your crop properly so that the loss is less and the yield is higher.
Farmer Papaya Cultivation (Papaya Farming) do throughout the year. Moist climate is considered more suitable for getting good growth. Farmers in today’s time (Farmers) are doing commercial cultivation of papaya on a large scale and are reaping the benefits. In such a situation, it is necessary to manage your crop properly so that the loss is less and the yield is higher. Agricultural experts say that if the major diseases of papaya are not managed in time and properly then heavy losses can be caused. If you also cultivate papaya, then we are telling you how to protect it from major diseases. By adopting this, you can minimize the loss.
Although papaya is prone to many diseases, but one of the major diseases is root and stem rot. It is also called collar rot. According to senior fruit scientist Dr SK Singh, root and stem rot is a major disease in papaya. This disease is caused by the fungus Pythium aphanidermatum and Phytophthora palmivora. In this disease the tree dries up due to root or stem rot. Its first symptom appears as a watery spot on the stem, which later grows and spreads around the stem.
In this way protect papaya from disease
Due to this disease, the leaves on the top of the plant wither and turn yellow and the trees dry up and fall. The roots inside the ground completely rot. In the rainy season, where the drainage is not good, the skin of the stem gets rotten near the ground floor. Due to this the leaves turn yellow and fall and the plant dries up. Sometimes the plant breaks off from the ground level and even falls. Scientist Dr SK Singh is giving some tips to prevent rotting of papaya roots and stems, which can be adopted.
- Papaya should not be planted in waterlogged areas.
- There should be proper arrangement of drainage in the papaya orchard.
- If spots are seen in the stem, then the solution of Ridomil (Metaloxyl) or Mancozeb (2 gm per liter of water) should be made and the soil should be irrigated well by removing the soil from 5 cm depth near the stem of the plants.
- Uproot the disease-affected plants and bury them in the ground or burn them out of the field.
- Irrigate the soil around the plant thoroughly with one percent Bordeaux mixture. Do this work 2-3 times in June-July according to the severity of the disease.
- Before planting, apply Trichoderma 1 kg per 100 kg in pits and 5-6 kg in each pit after mixing it well in compost or compost. By doing this, the severity of the disease decreases and the growth of plants is good.
- The measures used to prevent the disease called damping off should also be kept in mind. To prevent this, before sowing the nursery soil should be treated with formaldehyde with 2.5 percent solution and covered with polythene for 48 hours. This work should be done 15 days before planting nursery.
- Seed should be sown after treating with Thiram, Kapton (2 gm per 10 gm seed) or Trichoderma (5 gm/10 gm seed).
- Spraying of Ridomil (Metaloxyl) M-Z-78 (in 2 grams per liter of water) should be done at an interval of one week to prevent this disease in the nursery.
- The nursery should be covered with plastic in the rain.
- The location of the nursery should be changed.
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