Cars will run on ethanol (symbol)
The Ministry of Road Transport has notified the emission standards for ethanol blending. The emission standards for E-12 and E-15 have been set by the government. The fixing of emission standards will clear the way for auto companies to make vehicles with bio-fuel engines.
Union Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari has been emphasizing on installing flex engines in India’s vehicles for a long time. Under this, they emphasize the need to convert excess sugar stock for ethanol production. The reason for this is that under the arrangement of the World Trade Organization (WTO), there will be no provision for subsidy on the export of sugar after December 2023.
What is Nitin Gadkari’s view
Addressing a webinar organized by industry body ISMA on Tuesday, Gadkari said that the government is promoting ethanol manufacturing in a big way. He assured that the government would procure all the ethanol made in the country. Gadkari said that once the Supreme Court gives permission to ply flex fuel vehicles, ethanol-blading vehicles will come off the roads.
Ethanol to be mixed in plane oil
Nitin Gadkari believes that up to 50 percent ethanol can be mixed in aviation fuel (the oil from which aircraft run) in India, for which the Indian government is going to start trials very soon. For this, the government is soon going to start talking with other parties along with the airlines. Flex fuel vehicles (in which bio fuel will be used) are also ready to be launched on the roads soon, but for this the green signal from the Supreme Court is awaited.
sugar mills will also be able to sell bio fuel
With the supply of ethanol increasing, Gadkari said that the government is planning to introduce vehicles with flex-fuel engines in the country. With the introduction of flex-fuel vehicles on 100% bio-ethanol, the demand for ethanol will increase 4 to 5 times immediately. Sugar mills have also been asked to make their own ethanol pumps, which are being permitted by the government. That is, sugar mills can make their own ethanol pump and sell it and earn.
The government believes that the excess sugar stock can be diverted towards ethanol production by adding 15-20 per cent sugar in B-heavy molasses. To mix 20 percent ethanol with petroleum fuel, the country will need about 10 billion liters of ethanol by the year 2025. At present, the sugar industry itself contributes to meet 90 percent of the demand for ethanol for biofuel in the country.
Flex fuel benefits
Here flex fuel engine means the engine of vehicles running on bio fuel up to 100%. So far, vehicles run on petrol, diesel or CNG, but in view of the inflation of oil, emphasis is being given on bio fuels like ethanol. Now automakers will make engines for vehicles running on bio fuel. Bio fuel is abundant in India and it can be made from the waste of sugar mills or even from sugar. This will end the dependence on oil imports. Sugar mills will make and sell ethanol, which will increase their earnings. Bio fuel will also help in reducing pollution. The government is going to make it mandatory for petrol vehicles to make flex engines so that the demand for ethanol in the country can be increased.
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