West Bengal Election: The total population of Scheduled Castes (SC) in Bengal is 23.51 per cent, which is third in comparison to any state in the country. Not only this, in more than 9 districts of Bengal, the population of this class is 25 percent, which affects 127 assembly seats. This Scheduled Caste is divided into 60 recognized groups.
JP Nadda and Mamta Banerjee (file photo)
The politics of Bengal (Bengal) had always revolved around Muslims, as according to the 2011 census, they had a population of 27% in the state. Therefore, political parties did not refrain from appeasing this class in their court. But there was also another category in the same census which has a population of 23% in Bengal. It is the Scheduled Caste population, this population has always been ignored, it has never been considered as a vote bank, so neither the left eye nor the ruling Trinamool Congress ever looked towards this population.
But the Bharatiya Janata Party, which does politics of Hindutva, had kept its eye on this community since the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party had been working for this community at the grassroots level for a long time, which benefited them in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, when the Bharatiya Janata Party won 18 seats in Bengal. This victory also cast the eye of TMC on this community, after which the Trinamool Congress also openly started to do this class in its court.
Understand the equation of SC votes
The total Scheduled Caste (SC) population in Bengal is 23.51 per cent, which is third in comparison to any state in the country. Not only this, in more than 9 districts of Bengal, the population of this class is 25 percent, which affects 127 assembly seats. This Scheduled Caste is divided into 60 recognized groups. The population of this community is about 15 to 25 percent in almost 78 assembly seats of Bengal, which can prove to be a game changer for any seat.
BJP gained in 2019
The Bharatiya Janata Party, which was working for this community from the beginning, won 18 seats in Bengal in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. But the special thing was that Bharatiya Janata Party was ahead in 33 seats out of 68 reserved assembly seats, out of which 26 seats are in Matua dominated area. Although the Bharatiya Janata Party did not have any edge over these seats in the 2016 Lok Sabha elections, in these 5 years, many big leaders of BJP were seen working among these communities, whose results they got to see in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. When Scheduled Caste Rajbanshis, Matua and Baudis, which constituted about 23.51 per cent of the state’s population, voted in favor of the BJP.
The tea laborers and the Adivasis of Junglemahal (tribals living in the Medinipur, Jhargram, Bankura and Purulia districts of the forest areas in the western part of the state) also voted more for the BJP. Similarly, the Gurkhas in the mountainous regions in the north and some districts in South Bengal, Matua also voted for the BJP. The BJP is hopeful that it will get this support in this assembly election also.
Will BJP’s lunch diplomacy work?
In order to strengthen the relationship with the people of this community and convey its message, big leaders of BJP like Union Home Minister Amit Shah and BJP National President JP Nadda organized lunch at the homes of these community people in different areas of the state, Along with this, there was widespread media coverage of the visit of both the big leaders. The BJP is focusing exclusively on Matua (Namosudra (Scheduled Castes), who have migrated to India from Bangladesh as refugees and settled in abundance in the region.) To woo the same community, the BJP has set up a Parliament. The Indian Citizenship Amendment Act has been amended.
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