Shradh is very important for the satisfaction of ancestors.
Bhadrapada Purnima also known as Proshtapadi Purnima, though not a part of Pitru Paksha, is an auspicious day to pay homage to ancestors.
Pitru Paksha also known as Mahalaya Paksha, is a period of fifteen lunar days when Hindus appease their ancestors through prayers and special rituals. Poornima calendar is followed in North India hence the period of fifteen days during the Krishna Paksha of Ashwin month is the Pitru Paksha period.
In South India, the Amavasyant calendar is followed, so a period of fifteen days during the Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month is dedicated to the Pitru Paksha. Bhadrapada Purnima also known as Proshtapadi Purnima, though not a part of Pitru Paksha, is an auspicious day to pay homage to ancestors.
Amavasya Shraddha is also known as Sarvapitri Moksha Amavasya. Amavasya Shraddha is on 6th October 2021, Wednesday.
Amavasya Shradh 2021: Date and Time
Amavasya date starts – October 5, 2021, at 07:04 pm
Amavasya date ends – 6 October 2021, at 04:34 pm
Kutup Muhurta – 11:45 am – 12:32 pm
Rohina Muhurta – 12:32 PM – 01:19 PM
Aparna Kaal – 01:19 pm – 03:40 pm
Sunrise 06:16 am
sunset 06:01 pm
Amavasya Shraddha: Significance
The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Amavasya Tithi is the most important day of Pitru Paksha. On the full moon day, the Shradh rituals of those who leave this world are done on Amavasya.
If the date of death of any family member is not known, then Shradh can be performed on the new moon day. If for some reason Shradh cannot be performed on the date of death of a family member, then Shradh can be performed on Amavasya.
Pitru Paksha is Shradh Karma and Kutup Muhurta and Rohina Muhurta are considered auspicious times to perform Shradh. The Muhurta after that lasts till the end of the afternoon period. Tarpan is performed at the end of Shradh. Pitru Paksha is considered an inauspicious time for the beginning of new things in Hindus.
Amavasya Shradh: Rituals
The main activities involved in Shradh rituals are-
– Vishwadev establishment
After bathing and wearing clean clothes, Vishwadev is established.
Pind Daan is done in honor of the departed soul.
Pind Daan is done, a round pile of rice, cow’s milk, ghee, sugar and honey is made. It is called Pinda. Pind is offered to the ancestors with reverence and respect.
Tarpan is done with the belief that it gives happiness to the ancestors. During the ritual of Tarpan, water is poured slowly from a vessel along with black sesame and barley.
Lord Vishnu and Yama are worshipped.
Food is given first to the cow, then to crows, dogs and ants.
After that food and dakshina are given to the Brahmins.
Many people distribute food in orphanages and old age homes.
Donations made on this day are considered very fruitful.
Also read- Hanuman Worship Rules: There are some important rules to worship Hanuman ji, know it before doing it today
Also read- Happy Navratri 2021 Wishes: Send these devotional messages to your near and dear ones on the auspicious occasion of Durga Puja