Women also took an active part in the Republic Day independence movement and in the making of the constitution. In which fields these women were pioneers, we know in this report.
Women participating in the freedom movement
There were a total of 389 members of the Constituent Assembly. But there were fifteen such women among them, who had their own special identity in different fields. She was a writer, poetess and had the status of an intellectual to a social worker.
These women intellectual freedom fighters not only increased women’s awareness in the Indian society, but also made their own special contribution in the making of the constitution.
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- Among these, the name of Ammu Swaminathan is taken most prominently. Ammu was very active in the social movement. She formed the Women’s India Association. Issues related to women were always put forward.
- Dakshayani Velayuthan belonged to Kochi. Her presence in the Constituent Assembly was as the only scheduled caste woman. He strongly protected the rights of Dalit women in the making of the constitution.
- Similarly, Begum Ejaz Rasool was also the only Muslim minority woman. In the constitution, he had kept important ideas for minority women.
- Durgabai Deshmukh was also related to Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. He took part in the non-cooperation movement at the age of just 12. She was greatly influenced by Gandhiji’s thoughts.
- Hansa Jivraj Mehta was from Gujarat. He was identified as a sociologist and journalist. The Gujarati language writer was very vocal socially.
- Kamla Chowdhary was from Lucknow and had actively participated in Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. Leela Roy was from Assam. He worked across the country in the field of education. He played a leading role in the education of women.
- Malti Chowdhary was related to East Bengal. He actively participated in Nakam Satyagraha. She used to be persistent for the rights of women and girls.
- Princess Amrit Kaur had an important contribution in the field of health. This is the reason that he had the distinction of becoming the country’s first health minister.
- Renuka Ray had the status of an economist. Along with the rights of women in Bengal, she also raised her voice for Uniform Civil Code.
- Sarojini Naidu was from Hyderabad. She was a famous poetess. She was called ‘Nightingale of India’. When she was in London, she was influenced by the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi. She had also gone to jail in the Indian independence movement.
- Sucheta Kriplani is especially remembered for her activism in the Quit India Movement. He was related to Ambala. He had an important contribution in the making of the constitution.
- Vijayalakshmi Sehgal was the sister of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He was born in Allahabad. She was the first woman to become a cabinet minister.
- Annie Mascarini was related to Kerala. During the freedom movement, he also went to jail.
In this way we see that many women from all classes and regions had actively participated in the making of the constitution. After which the form of our constitution could become so detailed.
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