Fundamental Rights The Indian Constitution protects many rights of the citizens of the country. This was the basic spirit behind the implementation of the constitution on January 26, 1950. Let us know which are those rights which are related to the rights of common citizens.
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In 1928, Pt. Motilal Nehru demanded a declaration of rights before the British. This demand continued to be made through various freedom fighters even further. Therefore, when the country became independent, the special need for the rights of the common people was emphasized during the making of the constitution.
Apart from unity in diversity, our constitution gives right to equality, equality in education, caste, class and gender differences. Secularism is also prominent in the basic spirit of the constitution, so religious freedom is the basic identity of our constitution and country. But apart from these, many such rights have been added in the constitution which need to be known. Every citizen of the country should know about these rights and should also implement them within the ambit of the rule. Because these rights have been prepared keeping in mind the basic needs and feelings of the citizens.
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right to equality
In a country like India, where different castes live, the right to equality was added with the aim of ending high-low discrimination. Its intention is to allow citizens of any caste, gender to enter without discrimination in public places like shops, hotels, entertainment places, wells, bathing ghats, places of worship. Banning this would be considered unconstitutional. The right to equality is enshrined in Articles 14-18. It was made to end the practice of untouchability.
right to freedom
In any democratic country, the right to freedom is given special importance. Freedom is the basic identity of democracy. The rights to liberty are included in Articles 19-22. Freedom in a democracy is considered in many ways. Freedom of expression, personal freedom, freedom to take help of law if arrested, freedom to eat and wear etc. come under this. They could not be banned. However, the limits of some of these rights have definitely been fixed. For example, people cannot violate the rights of others while exercising their rights.
right to religious freedom
The Constitution of India ensures secularism. Here the constitution protects the faith, reverence and righteousness of every citizen. The right to religious freedom has been given in Articles 25-28. Article 25 gives the right to all people to live with the religion of their choice. Article 27 guarantees any citizen that no person can be compelled to pay tax for promoting any particular religion or religious institution.
Right to Education
Getting education is the fundamental right of any citizen. And this right is given to him by the Constitution of India. Under Article 29 and 30 people have been given educational rights. There is a ban on any kind of discrimination in imparting education to the people.
Apart from this, another act was made in the Indian Parliament – which is called the Right to Education. Right to Education Act i.e. Right to education (RTE). Under Article 21 (A) of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is prescribed for children in the age group of 6 to 14 years in the country.
right to Information
The Right to Information Act, included in the fundamental rights of an Indian citizen, was passed in the Parliament on 15 June 2005. And on October 12, 2005, it was implemented in the whole country. The RTI Act passed under Article 19(1) A gives any citizen of India the right to obtain government information from any public authority.
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