Even before the arrival of the Mughals, many historical battles were fought on the land of India. Rivers of blood flowed and don’t know how many heads were cut off. But after the arrival of the Mughals in the fifteenth century, how the way of fighting in India changed – and why it declined, know in this report.
The picture of the battlefield changed after the arrival of the Mughals
Before the arrival of the Mughals, our King Maharaj had participated in a fierce war in India. Hindustan is the land of brave, majestic Maharajas. The warriors of our history have fought strongly against the enemies. His fighters had heavy and infallible weapons like swords, arrows, sabers, spears. Because of which he fought the biggest battles in history. Warriors like Veer Shivaji, Maharana Pratap and Shershah Suri are famous in the world for their fighting skills.
It is believed that till the 15th century India had its own traditional way of fighting. The armies used to ride on horse or elephant. And they had arrows, swords or spears in their hands. The armies on both sides used to attack each other face to face. The battles of the armies had their own skills. But after the invasion of Mughals, the method of war completely changed.
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Mughals came and brought gunpowder
After the arrival of the Mughals in the Indian subcontinent, many new things came to the land of India. One of the most important things in them was gunpowder. When Babur’s army attacked the power of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi of Delhi Sultanate, then this gunpowder power was with him. Due to gunpowder and cannon, Babur’s army defeated Delhi Sultanate Ibrahim Lodi. And with this a new revolution came in the way of fighting the war in the Indian field. Babur was one of the first rulers of India who realized the potential of gunpowder and firearms. He used gunpowder extensively to establish his empire. This is recorded as a great truth in history.
How did you use firepower?
It is believed that Daulat Khan, the Lodi governor of Lahore, hatched a deep conspiracy against Lodi Sultan Ibrahim Khan. And invited Babur to support his rebellion. Till then, the rulers of the Mughal Empire were well aware of the power of mobile artillery apart from gunpowder and firearms. Babar’s army knew very well how to use it.
Babur specially appointed Turkic expert Ustad Ali for this work. Who made a strategy to prepare infantry equipped with artillery and firearms. And in 1526 it was used in the first battle of Panipat. In this war, Afghan and Rajput forces were involved in the war for the Delhi Sultanate. Although their numbers were more, they were defeated by the use of gunpowder weapons.
A gunpowder expert named Fatullah Shirazi worked for the Mughal emperor Akbar. He developed an early multigun shot. It was different from ancient Greece and China. Shirazi knew the rapid-firing technique. Used to fire cannons filled with gunpowder. It can be called the volley gun of the later era.
use of rockets
The metal cylinder was first used by the Mughal army during the Battle of Sambal in the 16th century. In 1657, the Mughal army used rockets during the siege of Bidar. Aurangzeb’s army scaled the walls and released rockets and grenades.
What was there in the Mughal artillery?
The Mughal artillery included a variety of cannons, rockets and mines supplied by the Mughal Empire. This gunpowder technique played an important role in the expansion of the Mughal Empire. Artillery remained an important part of the Mughal army. In later times, the Mughal emperors kept small armies. Most of these were recruited directly by the Mughal emperor. By the way, there were four branches of the Mughal army: cavalry, infantry, artillery and navy.
cannon transportation, a big problem
However, later on, the transportation of heavy guns was also the reason for a big problem. After which weapon technology improved during Akbar’s reign. But later emperors paid less attention to the technical aspects of artillery, which gradually led the Mughal Empire to lag behind in weapon technology.
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