The early life of Zahir-ud-din Mohammad Babur, who laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire in India, has been so difficult. He has written in his autobiography – My own country was not in my hands. Didn’t expect to get back. The servants had also left.
Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the battle of Panipat in 1526.
On his failures, Babur has written in his autobiography – I was very sad during my stay in Tashkent. My own country was not in my hands. There was no hope of seeing him back. The servants had also left. Those who were with me could not even roam with me because of poverty. I am tired of wandering after being homeless. I want to hide somewhere where people cannot see me. It is better to go so far than to be insulted that people cannot recognize it.
The early life of Zahir-ud-din Mohammad Babur, who laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire in India, has been so difficult. According to the famous novelist EM Foster, Babur eventually emerged victorious by overcoming his struggles. Even though he was called a robber, tyrant and oppressor, but the way he established the Mughal Empire is an example. Which started with the battle of Panipat in 1526. Established a new sultanate in India by defeating Ibrahim Lodhi in the war. A sultanate that had a quarter of the world’s wealth.
Lost even a small princely state from his father
In a BBC report, Muin Ahmed Nizami, a Fellow of South Asian Islam, said that he was born in Andajan, the capital of Fergana.Babur got a small princely state named Fargana from his father Umar Sheikh. Its surrounding areas were occupied by his relatives. There came a time when even that princely state had to be lost. One after the other his efforts failed. The struggle escalated and one day he turned to India.
Babur’s entry in India
There is a difference of opinion among historians about how Babur thought of coming to India. Although most historians believe that financial constraints were the biggest reason. While living in Kabul, he needed money. This was the reason that many times crossed the Indus river, attacked the western part and looted the money and took it to Kabul. As a result, his need dragged him to India. However, it is also said that Ibrahim Lodi had created terror in India during that period. To deal with this, Rana Sanga of Mewar had invited Babur to come to India.
Babur came to India and in 1526 the first battle of Panipat was fought. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the battle. After this laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire and established its supremacy. Just a year after winning the war, he also defeated Rana Sanga in the battle of Khanwa.
The money won in the war was distributed among the officials
After the battle of Panipat, whatever money Babur got, he gave it to his relatives and his office bearers. One of the special features of Babur’s personality was that he included women in all his decisions. Even the mother and grandmother were involved in his decisions and advice. This is the reason that the number of women mentioned in the Baburnama during Babur’s tenure did not happen in the time of any emperor of the Mughal Empire.
Babur’s advice – it is not right to do politics in the name of religion
Many things were clearly written in the will that Babur had prepared for his son Humayun. Babar wrote- My son, never do politics in the name of religion. Do not give place to religious hatred in your heart. Take care of the religious sentiments of the people. To do complete justice to all.
Read more – News of Knowledge
: Language Inputs