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World Hypertension Day 2022: Why hypertension is called the silent killer, how many diseases it causes, what symptoms indicate it and how to prevent it? Know the answers to these questions…
Hypertension i.e. high blood pressure in the country (High Blood PressureMost cases of ) are reported in men. National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5According to a recent report, 24 percent of men in the country are suffering from hypertension. At the same time, this figure is 21 percent in women. The shocking thing is that 67 percent of women and 53.7 men of the country never got their blood pressure tested. Due to this, cases are increasing worldwide. World Health Organization (WHO) says, in 2015, about 113 million silent killers worldwide called hypertension (Hypertension) suffered from. By 2025, 29 percent of the world’s population is expected to suffer from it.
Today is World Hypertension Day, on this occasion, know why it is called the silent killer, how many diseases are caused by high blood pressure, what symptoms indicate it and how to prevent it.
Why is hypertension called the silent killer?
According to the WHO report, around 120 crore people worldwide are suffering from the problem of hypertension. How dangerous is hypertension, it can be understood that in 2019, 1.79 crore people died due to heart diseases. High blood pressure ie hypertension was responsible for one third of these deaths.
It is considered dangerous because most people do not understand how high their blood pressure is. As a result, heart, kidney, liver related diseases, along with bleeding nose and loss of eyesight, many problems start to arise. Those who do not get the test do not understand the reason and go on getting surrounded by diseases, hence it is called silent killer.
Hypertension symptoms that alert
– feeling faint
– sudden blurred vision
– Head and chest pain
– shortness of breath
Red spot in the eyes
Why does the problem of hypertension occur after all?
According to the report of Healthline, there are many reasons for increasing high blood pressure. Such as increasing age, obesity, taking alcohol, not keeping the body active, diabetes and increased sodium level in the body. Apart from this, if there has been a problem of high blood pressure in the previous generations of the family, then it can be seen in the new generation. Therefore, from time to time, get checked for high blood pressure. The normal level of blood pressure in the test should be 120/80. That is, the upper number of blood pressure should be 120 and the lower number should be 80.
How to control hypertension, understand in 3 points
- It is important to abstain from smoking: According to a research, smoking increases blood pressure for 20 minutes, so it is better to quit it.
- Weight will decrease, BP will decrease: A Mayo Clinic report says obesity is a major cause of hypertension. Therefore, if a person loses one kg of weight, then there can be a reduction of 1 point in the increased blood pressure.
- Decrease salt in food: Salt contains sodium, which is also a major reason for increasing blood pressure. Therefore, do not eat more than 5 grams of salt daily in the food and do not make the mistake of adding salt separately in the food.
- Daily 30 minute workout required: According to a research by the National Institutes of Health, if 30 minutes of exercise or walk is done daily, then blood pressure can be reduced by 5 to 8 points.
- These changes in diet are necessary: Dietician Surbhi Pareek says, to control blood pressure, increase the number of citrus fruits like seasonal, orange in the food. Include pulses and legume vegetables in the diet. Avoid fried and spicy things.
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