NASA Astronaut: Astronauts work to find out the secrets hidden in the world of space. Nowadays they are also looking for life on other planets. So let us know today how an astronaut can be made.
Most of the people who are 30 or 40 years old are selected as astronauts, who leave their already good careers and come to this field and train early (What Are the Requirements to be NASA Scientist). Not only does the training have to travel more, which lasts for several days. But even this is not guaranteed to go to space. The people who are selected by NASA as astronauts are called for training.
Eligibility to become an Astronaut- To become an Astronaut, one should have a Bachelor’s degree in Engineering, Biological Science, Physical Science, Computer Science or Mathematics. Must have three years of professional experience (or 1,000 hours of pilot-in-command experience in a jet aircraft) (How Hard is it to become a NASA Astronaut). Candidates have to pass NASA’s Astronaut Physical Exam. There are many other skills that can help you when making a selection, such as scuba diving, wilderness experience, leadership experience, and knowledge of other languages (especially Russian).
Astronaut’s class- The first seven astronauts were selected for the Mercury (Mercury) program in 1959. Since then, NASA has selected 22 orbiters for astronauts. Earlier training was given to live in difficult places for space, which included even training like meeting soldiers. But now many changes have taken place. The fourth class of 1969 was called ‘The Scientist’. Including Harrison J. Smit, who became the first geologist to walk on the moon during Apollo 17 (How do you become a NASA Scientist). The 1996 class was the largest, in which 44 members were selected for Space Shuttle flights intended to build the International Space Station.
Vehicles used by Astronauts – There are many types of vehicles in the new class of astronauts. about which they are told. At present, Russia’s Soyuz spacecraft is used to reach the International Space Station. In the coming times, NASA hopes that it will again go beyond low-Earth orbit for missions to the Moon and Mars (What Qualifications Do You Need to be a NASA Scientist). Then the astronauts will use the Orion spacecraft for deep space exploration.
Where do the new astronauts go – New astronauts start their careers by going to the International Space Station. Or sometimes they go even higher than this. Now it depends on the time to come, how far America’s space policy goes and what kind of plans NASA works on. The space station will last until 2024, but it could be extended to 2028 or even longer (How Many Years Does it Take to Become a NASA Scientist). NASA hopes that it will take astronauts to Mars by 2030. In the future, astronauts can be sent to Mars or deep space missions.
Most of the time what astronauts do – When astronauts are in space, people keep getting their information, but the rest of their time is spent on training and working on other missions. Astronauts are given basic training for two years, where they learn survival training, language, technical skills, and other things they need to become an astronaut (How to Become a NASA Scientist). New astronauts are selected for space mission work or given technical work at the Johnson Space Center’s Astronaut Office in Houston. This work may include supporting current missions or advising NASA engineers to develop future spacecraft.
How is the basic training of Astronauts – Candidates seeking to become astronauts have to go through an intensive process before the newly selected class is certified as flight-ready astronauts. These include many tasks, such as how to do spacewalks, how robotics is done, how to fly airplanes and how to work in the International Space Station. They are taught spacewalks in the 60 feet deep swimming pool of Johnson Space Center. Candidates receive basic training on the station’s robotic arms, knowledge of the Russian language, and space-station operations.
Working under Partnership- Astronaut candidates selected by NASA mainly work with it. Also, he works with companies that have a partnership with NASA. These include commercial partners in the US, which make spacecraft hardware, and NASA centers that work for human spaceflight. The International Space Station comprises 16 countries. who do different things. Russia’s space agency operates several modules on the station and sends astronauts to space using its Soyuz rockets. The Canadian Space Agency plays a major role in robotic operations. Apart from this, the space agencies of Europe and Japan also operate here. Each of these agencies has its own astronauts, working in the space station and astronaut office.
Passing the Selection Process- First of all the HR personnel check whether each applicant fulfills the basic qualifications or not. Eligible applicants are reviewed by a panel called the Astronaut Rating Panel. It consists of a total of 50 people including the current astronauts. The panels decide on some of the most highly qualified candidates and then check the references of each candidate. A few hundred are selected out of thousands, who are called for interview and medical screening. After this, the top 50 candidates have to go through a second round of interview and another medical screening. The final astronaut candidates are selected from this group of 50 people.
How candidates are notified – Those who are selected receive a phone call from the head of the Flight Operations Directorate at NASA’s Johnson Space Center as well as the head of the Astronauts Office. NASA only asks candidates to share this with their families until they themselves (NASA) make an official announcement. NASA usually holds news conferences to announce the selection of new candidates and invites journalists to ask questions about the new class of astronauts. The candidates are then given training, due to which they do not get time to talk to the outside world for at least several months.
Reporting for Duty – New class begins at Johnson Space Center. Astronaut candidates are sent to Houston shortly after selection. Meanwhile, in the time he gets, he quits his current job and makes arrangements to live in Houston. To become an astronaut, candidates give up a significant career so that they can fulfill their dream of going to space. While some keep getting promoted in their jobs as well. Like military astronauts have a joint assignment with NASA. He also achieves rank while doing missions and other tasks of astronaut. Apart from this, those who are associated with the field of science, they can choose the mission as well as work related to their previous career. These individuals may continue to publish scientific journal papers or do other related work to continue progress in their academic careers.