Jamun tree starts bearing fruit after 4 to 5 years. 80 to 90 kg of jamun can be obtained from one plant after full maturity, while more than 250 trees can be planted in one hectare. The market price of which is close to Rs 100 per kg. Accordingly, one can earn from one hectare to about 20 lakhs at a time.
The fruits of Jamun, along with their medicinal properties, people like to eat its fruits very much. Its fruits are also used in making jams, jellies, wine, and sherbet. The months of June, July, August are best for planting new orchards of Jamun. Its fruits are rich in many medicinal properties, from dark purple to black and oval. Nowadays, due to the good price of Jamun fruits in the market, farmers are now becoming aware of its cultivation and want to get more and more information. With this, one hectare of land earns about 20 lakh rupees.
Dr. SK Singh, Associate Director and Professor of Dr. Rajendra Prasad Kendriya Krishi Vishwavidyalaya told NewsNCR that
Jamun tree can be easily grown in regions with tropical climate. The full grown tree of Jamun is more than 20 to 25 feet in length. Which looks like a normal tree. Its cultivation requires fertile land.
Earth-For planting Jamun, it is more suitable in drained loamy soil. Its tree should not be grown in hard and sandy land. The pH of the land for its cultivation. The value should be between 6 and 8.
Climate-Jamun can be grown successfully in places with tropical climate. In India, it can be planted anywhere except in cold regions. There is no special effect of winter, heat and rain on its tree.
But frost in winter and excessive hot sun in summer can prove to be harmful for it. Rain has a special contribution in the ripening of its fruits. But the rain during flowering is harmful for it. For the germination of berries, a temperature around 20 degrees is required. After germination, the plants need normal temperature to grow.
Improved varieties of Jamun-Many improved varieties of Jamun have been developed and many varieties are popular because of the public’s choice.
Katha, Bhado, Raja Jamun
Goma Priyanka This variety has been developed by Central Horticulture Experiment Center Godhra, Gujarat.
CISH J – 45C.I.S.H. J – 37
This variety has been developed by Central for Sub-Tropical Horticulture, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. There are no seeds inside the fruit of this variety. The fruits of this variety appear oval with normal thickness.
Whose color after ripening appears black and dark blue. The fruits of this variety are juicy and sweet in taste. Plants of this variety are grown more in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.
Apart from the above species, there are many other varieties, which are grown in different regions and good yields are taken. In which many varieties like Narendra 6, Konkan Bhadoli, Badam, Jatthi and Rajendra 1 are included.
Jamun cultivation will earn in lakhs
Jamun tree starts bearing fruit after 4 to 5 years but starts giving full fruit after about 8 years. 80 to 90 kg of jamun can be obtained from one plant after full maturity, while more than 250 trees can be planted in one hectare.
Whose total production is obtained up to 25000 kg. The market price of which is found around Rs 100 to 120 kg. Accordingly, one can earn from one hectare to about 20 lakhs at a time.
Take special care of these things for the cultivation of berries
(1) Doctor Singh further explains that after leveling the field, prepare one and a half to two feet deep pits of one meter diameter at a distance of 7 to 8 meters. In these pits, fill the appropriate amount of organic and chemical fertilizers in the soil.
(2) After filling the manure and soil mixture in the pits, cover them with deep irrigation. These pits are prepared one month before the seed or seedlings are transplanted.
(3) Jamun plants can be planted both by seed and by cuttings. But the plants planted through seed take more time to bear fruit. To grow plants through seed, one or two seeds should be planted in a pit to a depth of about 5 cm. After that, when the plant germinates, then keeping the plant that is growing well, the other plant should be destroyed.
(4) Jamun plants should be planted in the rainy season from June to August. Due to this the plant develops well. Because during the rainy season, the plant gets favorable temperature for growth. Whereas, to prepare its plants through seeds, they are grown before the rainy season from mid-February to the end of March.
(5) Plants should be watered once a week in the summer season and watering at an interval of 15 days is sufficient in the winter season. Its plants should be kept away from the winter frost in the beginning. Its plant does not need much rain during the rainy season. After the Jamun tree is fully developed, it needs only 5 to 7 irrigations in a year, which is mostly done during fruit formation.
(7) Jamun trees have a moderate need for fertilizer. For this, before planting the plants in the field, mix 10 to 15 kg of old rotten dung manure in the soil and fill it in the pits. Vermicompost manure can also be used instead of cow dung manure. In addition to organic manure, in the form of chemical fertilizer, initially 100 to 150 grams of NPK should be given to each plant. The amount should be given thrice a year at an interval of four to four months. But when the plant is fully developed, then increase the amount of both organic and chemical fertilizers. A fully grown tree should be given 50 to 60 kg of organic and 1 to 1.5 kg of chemical fertilizers four times a year.
As long as the plant is small, another crop can be grown.
Jamun trees are planted in pits prepared at a distance of 7 to 8 meters in the field, and its trees start bearing fruit after about three to 5 years. You can earn a lot by growing vegetables, spices and short-term horticulture crops in the vacant land between these trees. According to Scientist Dr SK Singh, special care is necessary to protect from some diseases like spider web.
Leaf blight, fruit and flower drop, fruit borer, leucorrhoea disease on leaves.
Fruit picking and cleaning
After ripening the fruits of Jamun appear purple black in color. The flowers which start ripening after about one and a half months after blooming. It is beneficial to have rain during the ripening of fruits.
Its fruits should be plucked daily. Because the fruits get spoiled quickly when the fruits fall. After harvesting its fruits, they should be washed with cold water.
After washing the fruits, they are packed and packed in mesh bamboo baskets. Before filling the fruit baskets, the visible fruits should be removed.
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